By John W. Lucas
Quantity 28 of Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Martin Summerfield, sequence Editor
The papers incorporated during this quantity have been specifically ready to carry to the eye of the clinical neighborhood the $64000 discoveries which have been made lately in regards to the thermal features of the moon. From a data of the thermal features, deductions bearing on lunar constitution and the heritage of the formation of the moon are facilitated. Written through top lunar and thermal gurus, the papers are grouped into 4 components, overlaying measurements made of earth, measurements made at the moon, reviews of fabric delivered to earth from the moon, and an total ancient survey of the moon's inside from a thermal standpoint.
The part on earth-based measurements contains reviews of the infrared moon, via Richard W. Shorthill; microwave emissions from the moon, by means of Duane O. Muhleman; and the radar mapping of lunar floor roughness, via Thomas W. Thompson and Sidney H. Ziske.
the second one part, "In Situ floor Measurements," comprises papers treating thermal features in line with Surveyor info, by means of Leonard D. Stimpson and John W. Lucas; floor temperatures in response to Apollo eleven facts, by means of Paul J. Hickson; and the improvement of an in situ thermal conductivity size for the lunar warmth circulate scan, by means of Marcus G. Langseth, Jr., Elisabeth M. Drake, and Daniel Nathanson.
part 3, "Thermal features of Lunar-Type Materials," provides stories of the thermal homes of granulated fabrics, through Alfred E. Wechsler and Peter E. Glaser; the thermal houses of fabric again by way of the Apollo eleven and Apollo 12 missions, via Ki-iti Horai and Gene Simmons; and the thermal features of lunar floor roughness, through Donald F. iciness, John A. Bastin, and David A. Allen.
the ultimate part on geophysical interpretation involves a unmarried vital paper at the thermal heritage of the lunar inside, by means of Ray T. Reynolds, Peter E. Fricker, and Audrey L. Summers.
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Additional resources for Thermal characteristics of the moon
2, July 1964, pp. 161-163. 33 Ingrao, H. , Young, A. T. and Linsky, J. , "A Critical Analysis of Lunar Temperature Measurements in the Infrared," The Nature of the Lunar Surface, edited by W. Hess, D. Menzel, and J. O'Keefe, John Hopkins, Baltimore, 1966, pp. 185-211. 34 Hunt, G. , Salisbury, J. W. and Vincent, R. , "Infrared Images of the Eclipsed Moon," Sky and Telescope, Vol. 36, No. 4, Oct. 1968, pp. 2-4. 35 Saari, J. M. and Shorthill, R. W. , "Infrared and Visible Images of the Eclipsed Moon of December 19, 1964," Icarus , Vol.
Z 350 Temperature Fig. 12 K 400 Statistical distribution of brightness temperatures for the full-moon disk. Fluctuations in the distribution are caused by variations in the average albedo. used in order to interpret the Surveyor temperature measurements29 when the lunar surface was illuminated by the sun. B. The Nighttime Infrared Moon The thermal response of the lunar nighttime surface is not well determined at this time. An example of data used to infer the midnight temperature is shown in Fig.
The signal difference, when compared to the theoretical cooling of a constant properties model of the lunar surface, corresponds to values of the thermal parameter, Y = (kpc)"1/2. to be displaced somewhat to the west. 8 S is not associated with a crater. 8-cm radar image; the Lunar Orbiter IV frame 137 photograph shows a number of kilometer-sized craters in this region. There were 165 hot spots found in the Apollo Band, the majority of which had a AT > 5°K over their environs. 3°K. The actual corrected average TC will be different, since many of the features are smaller than the sensor diameter and must be areally corrected.
Thermal characteristics of the moon by John W. Lucas