By Ronald Granofsky
Advent 1; bankruptcy ONE: facing "It": the explicit problem of the Trauma Novel: (Carter, Lessing, Hoban, Vonnegut, Amis) 21; bankruptcy : Elemental Dissolution: Trauma and Transformation: (Kosinski, Golding, Findley, Hoban) sixty five; bankruptcy 3: The levels of Trauma reaction: Regression, Fragmentation, and Reunification: (Atwood, Tournier, Thomas) 107; bankruptcy 4: normal concerns: Postmodernism and the Trauma Novel: (Coetzee, Pynchon) 151; NOTES 177; WORKS brought up 179; INDEX 191.
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Additional resources for The Trauma Novel : Contemporary Symbolic Depictions of Collective Disaster
The city in which the narrator lives is fast losing its urban character. People, mostly young people, are leaving in droves, or, more precisely, gangs, while those who remain turn even apartments into marketplaces and sites of crop cultivation. Civility is wearing very thin; parenting is rapidly becoming a lost art; cannibalism is rampant. At intervals throughout the novel, the narrator refers to an unnamable "it," the very destructive force hurtling her society to the brink of she knows not what: "'it' can be, has been, pestilence, a war, the alteration of climate, a tyranny that twists men's minds, the savagery of a religion" (151).
Similarly, for her it is within human capacity to respond to trauma in an ultimately progressive way. Not surprisingly, her Darwinian optimism that creative forms may yet arise from destruction is symbolized in the world behind the wall by means of imagery of nourishment which encompasses the Or-promise embodied in the biblical Garden of Eden. The narrator, after having witnessed in the impersonal realm scenes of carnage and vandalism, comes upon "a garden between four walls, old brick walls, and there was a fresh delightful sky above me that I knew was the sky of another world, not ours ....
Eliot's use of parataxis in The Waste Land (1922), where the reader, like Marie, must hold on tight. " Causality is the normal basis for determining the precise nature of temporal succession as it creates order out of a welter of moments. It suggests a reason for a temporal sequence and thereby implies a principle of determinism, that, given certain conditions, specific results may be predicted, the very principle undermined by collective trauma as here defined. Causality's importance in creating the form of fictional meaning is similarly central.
The Trauma Novel : Contemporary Symbolic Depictions of Collective Disaster by Ronald Granofsky