By Frederic Wehrey, Jerrold D. Green, Brian Nichiporuk, Alireza Nader, Visit Amazon's Lydia Hansell Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lydia Hansell,
Iran's Islamic progressive Guards Corps (IRGC) has advanced way past its origins as an ideological shield for the regime. this day, as well as wielding army strength, its impact extends into nearly each nook of Iranian political lifestyles and society. Wehrey et al. check the IRGC much less as a conventional army entity and extra as a household actor, emphasizing the range of roles it performs in Iran1s economic climate and political tradition.
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Extra resources for The Rise of the Pasdaran: Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps
Certainly, current and former Pasdaran are bound by a corpo- 7 8 Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps rate outlook that is broadly opportunistic, authoritarian, and populist. Yet they are also susceptible to the same debates and dilemmas that dominate Iranian political life: balancing dogmatism and pragmatism, reconciling modernity with ﬁdelity to the revolution’s ideals, and integrating economic progress with cultural authenticity. Exploring where Iran’s various ideological factions stand on these issues and deﬁning what exactly is meant by “reformist” or “conservative” are critical to discerning future trajectories for the IRGC.
Postrevolutionary Developments: Consolidating Internal Control The IRGC was originally conceptualized by its founders as a popular militia force to monitor the remainders of the shah’s military and protect the state from possible counterrevolutionary activity. 3 This new force diﬀered from 2 3 IRNA (2007c). The idea of creating a parallel military structure enriched by and imbued with Islamic ideology in fact preceded the 1979 revolution. While still in exile in Paris, some of the members of the Freedom Movement, a moderate political group opposed to the shah, introduced The IRGC’s Diverse Domestic Roles: Origins and Evolution 21 the shah’s imperial army in its mission in that it accorded primacy to an internal role against potential counterrevolutionaries while at the same time pushing for the export of the revolution.
Secondly, it serves as a reserve countermobilization force against reform-oriented student activists. Much of this activism in academia appears to have been facilitated by the IRGC’s interference in university hiring and administration practices. In a policy reminiscent of the university purges of the early 1980s, numerous university professors and administrators have been removed from their positions and replaced with IRGC oﬃcials. 11 In the wake of these dismissals and arrests, Basij oﬃcials have begun to exert increasing inﬂuence over university life by ﬁlling the vacant professorial posts.
The Rise of the Pasdaran: Assessing the Domestic Roles of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps by Frederic Wehrey, Jerrold D. Green, Brian Nichiporuk, Alireza Nader, Visit Amazon's Lydia Hansell Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lydia Hansell,