By Sarah Pilliner; Samantha Elmhurst; Zoe Davies
This publication first appears at horse anatomy after which considers the horse's gaits, utilizing sequences of images and unique anatomical drawings to teach the platforms of aid and circulate at each one part. The stroll, trot, canter, gallop and leap are all tested, and the impression of the rider at the horse evaluated in order that the rider can take applicable motion to prevent hindering the pony. assistance are supplied all through on ways that the horse's existence will be made more uncomplicated, akin to saddle becoming, warming up and cooling down procedures. Read more...
content material: Pt. 1. Anatomy and conformation --
the complete horse --
the top and neck --
The forelimb --
The hind limb --
The chest --
The again --
Pt. 2. the pony in motion --
circulation and motion --
Rolling and shaking.
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Additional resources for The horse in motion
20) Horses may rest for long periods of time in a standing position which has the advantage of allowing a faster get-away should predators attack. Horses can sleep in the standing position due to a system of muscles and ligaments that ‘lock’ the main joints into position without expending a lot of energy so that the muscles do not become fatigued. This arrangement is much the same in both the forelimbs and hind limbs. Normally both forelimbs are locked whilst one hind limb is relaxed or rested.
16 Nerves of the lower forelimb not experience any direct forces during movement. At the back of the fetlock the superficial flexor tendon forms a ring through which the deep flexor tendon moves. The tendons are further bound by the annular ligament of the fetlock joint. The two proximal sesamoids act as a pulley over which the deep flexor tendon runs, and strong ligaments bind the sesamoids to the suspensory apparatus. The foot and pastern should be positioned so that a line drawn along the front surface of each is not broken either forwards or backwards.
These 38 The horse in motion Skin Pastern joint Short pastern bone Common digital extensor tendon Suspensory ligament of navicular bone Coffin joint Pedal bone Lamina of wall (insensitive) Digital cushion Wall of hoof Bulb of heel Navicular bursa Deep flexor tendon Fig. 18 Navicular bone Cross-section of the foot Heel Bulbs of heel Wall Angle of wall Frog Bar Central groove of frog White line Sole Apex of frog Fig. 19 Undersurface of the foot bones articulate to give the fetlock, pastern and coffin joints.
The horse in motion by Sarah Pilliner; Samantha Elmhurst; Zoe Davies