By Gérard Chaliand, Arnaud Blin, Edward Schneider, Kathryn Pulver, Jesse Browner
Книга The historical past of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al Qaeda The background of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al QaedaКниги English литература Автор: Gérard Chaliand, Arnaud Blin Год издания: 2007 Формат: pdf Издат.:University of California Press Страниц: 483 Размер: 1,5 ISBN: 0520247094 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This authoritative paintings presents an important point of view on terrorism by way of providing a unprecedented chance for research and mirrored image at a time of ongoing violence, chilling threats, and renewed reprisals. In it, the superior overseas experts engaged on the topic this present day study terrorism's lengthy and complicated historical past from antiquity to the current day and locate that terror, lengthy the weapon of the vulnerable opposed to the powerful, is a tactic as previous as struggle itself. starting with the Zealots of Antiquity, the individuals speak about the Assassins of the center a long time, the 1789 Terror move in Europe, Bolshevik terrorism in the course of the Russian Revolution, Stalinism, "resistance" terrorism in the course of international conflict II, and Latin American innovative pursuits of the overdue Sixties. eventually, they think about the emergence of recent transnational terrorism, concentrating on the roots of Islamic terrorism, al Qaeda, and the increase of the modern suicide martyr. alongside the best way, they supply a groundbreaking research of ways terrorism has been perceived all through background. What turns into powerfully transparent is that basically via deeper knowing will we realise the current risks of a phenomenon whose repercussions are faraway from over.
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Additional resources for The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al Qaeda
Nevertheless, in some cases, the terrorist struggle seems hopeless to the extent that its irrationality is particularly striking. A case in point is Moluccan terrorism in the Netherlands in the 1970s. The Moluccan community in the Netherlands is a remnant of the Dutch colonial era. After the Dutch evacuation of their colonies in Southeast 3 8 / T E R R O R I S M A S A S T R AT E G Y O F I N S U R G E N C Y Asia, a South Moluccan republic was established in 1950 but was soon conquered by Indonesia.
The underground movements did attack civilians of their own nationality—actual and suspected collaborators with the occupiers. In addition, although in some places, such as the Soviet Union and in Yugoslavia, the strategy adopted by the partisans was, by and large, guerrilla warfare, employing large units that operated from liberated or semi-liberated areas, in western European countries, such as France, the strategy of the insurgents can at best be characterized as falling into the gray zone between guerrilla war and terrorism.
Both Moluccan and Armenian terrorism are manifest examples of expressive terrorism. The dominant motivation of the young men and women who carried out the acts of violence belonged to the emotional realm, rather than to the domain of rational political planning. Terrorism in these instances expressed an emotional state, rather than serving as an instrumental tool in the framework of a strategy of insurgency. Undoubtedly, the emotional element is also part of the driving force behind the activity of other terrorist groups.
The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al Qaeda by Gérard Chaliand, Arnaud Blin, Edward Schneider, Kathryn Pulver, Jesse Browner