By Howard Jones
Files the lengthy, complicated heritage of Epicureanism. This ebook might be of curiosity to scholars of classics, medieval philosophy, heritage of rules, historical background.
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First, since even within the confines of a compound structure the atoms are moving through void, they experience no retardation apart from the momentary checks ( d v T i K O T r a i ) which result from collisions with other atoms in the compound, and so travel at the same uniform speed as 'free' atoms. The second point has to do with the relation between the motion of individual atoms within the compound and the motion of the compound itself. How, for example, do we account for the fact that certain compounds move at a faster rate than others?
At the same time, it is the aggregate of its qualities which gives a body its permanent identity. 57 36 SCHOOL IN THE GARDEN In the foregoing review of the fundamentals of Epicurean physics we began with a discussion of the two basic realities, void and atoms, and proceeded to examine the manner in which the latter, the ultimate units of matter, combine to form the objects of the phenomenal world. We shall next consider certain aspects of this world, its origin, growth, and eventual dissolution, as preparation for an examination of what Epicurus has to say about the beginnings of human life and the development of civilization.
Lucretius' arguments admittedly take us beyond Epicurus himself. However, it is clear that the question of the divine government of the world did not cease to be a main issue between Epicureans and Stoics in particular, and we may regard Lucretius as presenting the latest Epicurean contribution to a continuing debate. We return to the question of the primal condition of the earth and the development of human civilization, and it is again to Lucretius that we are indebted for a fully developed account.
The Epicurean Tradition by Howard Jones