This newest addition to the Studies in Geophysics sequence explores in clinical element the phenomenon of lightning, cloud, and thunderstorm electrical energy, and international and neighborhood electric procedures. including sixteen papers by way of awesome specialists in a couple of fields, this quantity compiles and experiences many fresh advances in such learn parts as meteorology, chemistry, electric engineering, and physics and initiatives how new wisdom will be utilized to profit mankind.
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Most ground flashes are negative, but there is recent evidence that positive discharges are often unusually deleterious, and, therefore, this type is discussed separately in Chapter 3 (this volume). Before describing some of the recent advances in lightning research in more detail, the processes that occur during a typical negative lightning flash to ground will be reviewed briefly. There are still many open questions about basic lightning phenomena, such as whether or how the characteristics of individual flashes depend on the type of thunderstorm, the season, and the type of terrain that is struck.
OVERVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS 21 I LIGHTNING About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.
The possible effects of lightning on advanced aircraft, nuclear power plants, and sophisticated military systems are problems of increasing concern. Besides its many deleterious effects, lightning also has some unique benefits. The chemical effects of lightning may have played an important role in the prebiotic synthesis of amino acids, and today lightning is still an important source of fixed nitrogen, a natural fertilizer, and other nonequilibrium trace gases in the atmosphere (see Chapter 6, this volume).
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