By Thomas C. Owen
This examine analyzes the criminal framework imposed on organisations by means of the imperial Russian govt. It stresses the twin nature of the bureaucracy's coverage towards glossy capitalist firm: encouragement for the sake of financial improvement, and regimentation within the curiosity of protecting autocratic keep an eye on. by way of illuminating the political nature of the autocracy's fiscal time table, Professor Owen seeks to give an explanation for why Russian company legislation grew to become more and more restrictive towards the tip of the imperial interval. consciousness is additionally given to the practices of Russian capitalists, whose occasional abuses of company energy justified restrictive legislation within the eyes of officers.
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Additional info for The Corporation under Russian Law, 1800-1917: A Study in Tsarist Economic Policy
Cook's bibliography contained over two thousand cases, and Dodd's lists of laws and cases filled eleven pages each. The main principles of American and European corporate law were outlined in Frank E. Horack, The Organization and Control of Industrial Corporations (Philadelphia, 1903), a survey of legislation in the fortyeight states that advocated a standard federal law; Grange and Woodbury, Corporation Law; and S. N. Frommel and J. H. , Company Law in Europe (London, 1975)- 26 The corporation under Russian law absurd requirements that the governor-general, Count Arsenii A.
None of the decrees of Alexander I or Nicholas I signified the elaboration of a coherent or effective policy, however; problems of air and water pollution and deforestation remained acute to the end of the tsarist period (see Chapter 6). Typical were three decrees. In 1826, provincial governors received instructions to move all sources of industrial pollution downstream from cities in the next ten years. Seven years later, factories that posed serious pollution or fire hazards were banned from populated areas of the city, and other, less dangerous, enterprises - iron foundries, pottery factories, and sugar mills - were given ten years to meet minimum standards.
Shepelev, an archivist as well as an historian, has spent his career plumbing the riches of TsGIA, the imperial governmental archive in Leningrad. His work, well documented with archival citations, is alsofilledwith generous quotations from the ministerial reports and minutes of conferences. It is no exaggeration to say that the present account, although hardly congruent with Soviet scholarship, depends heavily on the work of Shepelev and his colleagues at the Leningrad Branch of the Institute of History for archival information that would not otherwise be available.
The Corporation under Russian Law, 1800-1917: A Study in Tsarist Economic Policy by Thomas C. Owen