By C.C.W. Taylor
It will possibly now not be an excessive amount of to claim that each one the paintings Western philosophers have performed during the last thousand years used to be all started through the Pre-Socratics. The Phoenix Pre-Socratic sequence has been instrumental in convalescing Pre-Socratic texts.As with previous works during this vital sequence, this quantity goals to make a big part of Pre-Socratic writings obtainable to all these attracted to old philosophy and the 1st part of ecu normal technological know-how. now we have, for the 1st time in English a translation of the majority of texts about the atomists, with commentary.The paintings features a new presentation of the proof for the idea of Leucippus and Democritus, according to the unique assets. It encompasses a Greek textual content of the fragments, in a brand new choice, with dealing with English translation. The testimonia (all newly translated) are offered in a brand new choice, designed to elucidate the constitution of the atomists suggestion and to give their texts of their argumentative context so far as attainable. The notes and observation objective to mirror the complexity and variety in their idea, with specific emphasis on their metaphysical foundations, psychology, epistemology and ethics. Sections on biology, astronomy and theology also are integrated. whole indexes, concordances and bibliography are incorporated.
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Extra resources for The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: Fragments (Phoenix Supplementary Volume)
One should not feel shame before others rather than before oneself, or be more willing to do something bad if no one will know of it than if everyone will. Rather one should feel shame before oneself, and set up this law in one's heart, to do nothing unfitting. 46 D129. People remember bad deeds more than good, and rightly so; for just as someone who returns a deposit should not be praised, while one who does not should be reviled and punished, so it should be with a ruler. For he was not chosen for that office to do harm, but good.
One will seem to promote virtue better by using encouragement and persuasion of speech than law and necessity. For it is likely that he who is held back from wrongdoing by law will err in secret, but that he who is urged to what he should by persuasion will do nothing wrong either in secret or openly. Therefore he who acts rightly from understanding and knowledge proves to be at the same time courageous and right-minded. 65 [= D28] D47. Learning achieves fine things through taking pains, but evils one acquires of themselves without any pains.
16 D123. 17 D124. 27 [= Democrates 49] mss. 41 Ethics: Stobaeus D119. When those who can venture to contribute to those without means and to help and favour them, this shows pity, so that they are not abandoned, and they become comrades and take one another's part and the citizens are in concord, and many other good things which one could not count. 13 [= Democrates 75] D120. Justice is doing what should be, injustice not doing what should be, but turning aside from it. 14 D121. Concerning the killing and not killing of some living things it stands thus: he who kills those which do or attempt to do wrong is free of punishment, and doing this contributes more to well-being than not.
The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: Fragments (Phoenix Supplementary Volume) by C.C.W. Taylor