By Richard A. Keiser
Why have Blacks received political empowerment in a few towns and in others remained subordinated or had their achievements rolled again? Why perform a little towns have many Black leaders with multi-racial allure whereas different towns have none? Subordination or Empowerment solutions those questions via particular old examinations of the Black fight for political strength in Chicago, Gary, Philadelphia, and Atlanta. Keiser argues that electoral festival between White factions has created possibilities for Black leaders to win actual political empowerment and stay away from subordination. whilst electoral festival between Whites doesn't exist, Black votes lose their electoral leverage, resulting in the increase of extra-electoral techniques. Keiser's dynamic thought of management formation explains the present allure of Black separatism and messianism on the neighborhood and nationwide degrees and the resultant upward thrust of leaders reminiscent of Louis Farakhan, and gives a rejoinder to Cornel West's critique of Black management in Race issues.
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Extra info for Subordination or Empowerment?: African-American Leadership and the Struggle for Urban Political Power
Blacks repudiated this policy as segregation, because many White students from outside the Morgan Park district boundaries had been allowed to remain enrolled. A Black state representative, along with a delegation from the NAACP, the Urban League, and the parents of the students personally lobbied Mayor Kelly. Kelly overruled the Board of Education and ordered the Black students reinstated at Morgan High. 39 Kelly's recognition of Black electoral allegiance, as well as his commitment to desegregated education, led him in 1939 to appoint an African-American to the Board of Education.
A shift of slightly more than 303,000 votes in 15 states outside of the South would have given Dewey a victory. 53 An analysis of Truman's surprising victory over Dewey concluded, "[T]he incumbent President received 69 per cent of the Black vote. 55 The dynamic of electoral competition producing leverage for Black leaders and opportunities for Black advancement has also been observed at the state level. According to Weiss, 20 Subordination or Empowerment? the entry of Blacks into elected and appointed positions in state and local Democratic politics also brought greater political opportunities for Black Republicans.
In 1934 the Board of Education attempted to diminish overcrowding at Morgan Park High School by creating high-school classrooms in existing elementary schools. All first-year Black students were transferred to Shoop School. Blacks repudiated this policy as segregation, because many White students from outside the Morgan Park district boundaries had been allowed to remain enrolled. A Black state representative, along with a delegation from the NAACP, the Urban League, and the parents of the students personally lobbied Mayor Kelly.
Subordination or Empowerment?: African-American Leadership and the Struggle for Urban Political Power by Richard A. Keiser