By Marieke de Goede
Because the terrorist acts of September eleven, 2001, finance and safeguard became joined in new how you can produce specific ambitions of nation surveillance. In Speculative Security, Marieke de Goede describes how formerly unscrutinized practices resembling donations and remittances, in particular throughout nationwide borders, were tormented by security features that come with datamining, asset freezing, and transnational law. those “precrime” measures specialize in transactions which are completely felony yet are notion to carry a selected capability to aid terrorism. The pursuit of suspect monies isn't really easily a subject matter of economic law, she indicates, yet a large political, social, or even cultural phenomenon with profound results on daily life.
Speculative protection offers a number examples that illustrate the kinds of defense interventions hired this present day, together with the extralegal focusing on and breaking apart of the al-Barakaat monetary community that was once followed by means of raids within the usa, asset freezes in Sweden, and the incarceration of a cash remitter at Guantánamo Bay. De Goede develops the paradigm of “speculative security” to be able to comprehend the recent fusing of finance and protection, denoting the speculative nature of either the potential and the ends of the conflict on terrorist financing.
Ultimately, de Goede finds how the assumption of making “security” appeals to a number of imaginable—and unimaginable—futures for you to let motion within the current.
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Extra resources for Speculative Security: The Politics of Pursuing Terrorist Monies
T his chapter conceptuali zes hawala as a network that enables circuits of transnational kinship and shows how t hey have been effectively draw n into the domain of security. Chapter 5, "Zakat and the Securitization of Charitable Donation," shows how the post-9/H pu rsuit of charities amounts to much more than a set of financial regulations and monetary preoccupations-it amounts to a new governing of transnational spaces of donation and political a ffilia tion. This chapter shows that debate over the legitimacy of Islamic charitable glvmg IS increasingly marked by contestations over questions of free speech and the contemporary ~limits of the sayable," Chapter 6, "Money and Modern Exile," focuses on what has run as a red thread throughout the preceding chapters: current practices of asset freezing and blacklisting, which have become key practices through which the finance - security assemblage exercises its power.
As David Aufhauser, former chairman of the National Security Council policy coordinating committee on terrorist fmancing, put it: Most other sources of information In the war on terror are suspect- the products of treache ry, de ceit, bribes, interrogation, or, in some cases, torture. In contrast, financial information is reliable, particularly because it was never intended to be found, 11 Although with less emphasis on radical Islam, Kerry's imagination of the globalization of terrorism foreshadows much of the way the problem became cast after 9/1 1, particularly because of his emphasis on the dangers of nuclear terrorism and the vulnerabilities of open SOCIeties. "ll Kerry's preferred policy avenues also bear striking resemblance to those now being pursued in the context of the war on terror, including the monitoring of banking transactions and the promotion of biometric identity documents.
Speculative Security: The Politics of Pursuing Terrorist Monies by Marieke de Goede
11 Although with less emphasis on radical Islam, Kerry's imagination of the globalization of terrorism foreshadows much of the way the problem became cast after 9/1 1, particularly because of his emphasis on the dangers of nuclear terrorism and the vulnerabilities of open SOCIeties. "ll Kerry's preferred policy avenues also bear striking resemblance to those now being pursued in the context of the war on terror, including the monitoring of banking transactions and the promotion of biometric identity documents.