By Gregory Vlastos
This can be the spouse quantity to Gregory Vlastos' hugely acclaimed Socrates: Ironist and ethical thinker. 4 ground-breaking papers that laid the root for his figuring out of Socrates are gathered the following, including a 5th bankruptcy that could be a new and provocative dialogue of Socrates' arguments within the Protagoras and Laches. The Epilogue, ''Socrates and Vietnam,'' means that Socrates was once no longer, as Plato claimed, the main simply guy of his time.
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Extra resources for Socratic Studies
In Socrates (ch. 2, n. 32) I emphasized that there is no evidence of acceptance of this extraordinary doctrine in the Platonic corpus prior to the Meno, hence none of its acceptance in the Gorgias: the eschatological myth with which this dialogue concludes is "a purely moral fable, an embroidery on the popular b e l i e f . . in a retributive post-mortem trial . . - a belief with rich moral content and no epistemic import" (loc. ). There had been no mention of it prior to the publication of the original version of the present Appendix (1983).
Why had I ignored them myself? Because I had scaled them down, even while reading them, discounting them as a careless overstatement. I would not have done so if I had noticed that it is not only here, in the last gasps of the debate with Polus, that Socrates says he can prove not-p true: he makes the same claim in different words several pages back, near the start of the debate. " Conceding that "almost all men, Athenians and foreigners, would agree with you" (472A), he had declared, T20 G. 472B: "But I, a single man, do not agree, for you do not compel me, but produce a multitude of false witnesses against me, trying to drive me out from my property, the truth (EK TI^S oucrias KCCI How do you "compel" your adversary to affirm what he denies?
Both Socrates and his opponent are finite creatures and sooner or later each of them will run out of steam. What Socrates is claiming is that his resources will always match those of his interlocutor. Anything impossible about that? The Socratic elenchus: method is all Socrates then is making a tremendous assumption. Stated in fullest generality, it comes to this: [A] Whoever has a false moral belief will always have at the same time true beliefs entailing the negation of that false belief. That he is counting on the truth of this assumption is implied unambiguously if we presume - as we surely may - that what he says at T24 [b] he would also say about any of the theses he rebuts in elenctic arguments.
Socratic Studies by Gregory Vlastos