Get Socrates on friendship and community: reflections on Plato's PDF

By Mary P. Nichols

ISBN-10: 0521899737

ISBN-13: 9780521899734

Within the glossy philosophical culture, Plato's Socrates has been seen as an alienating impact on Western notion and existence. during this publication, Mary Nichols addresses Kierkegaard's and Nietzsche's feedback of Socrates and recovers where of friendship and neighborhood in Socratic philosophizing. Her wealthy research of either dramatic information and philosophic issues in Plato's Symposium, Phaedras, and Lysis exhibits how love reveals its success within the reciprocal relation of pals. Nichols exhibits how pals event one other as their very own and themselves as belonging to a different. Their event, she argues, either sheds mild at the nature of philosophy and serves as a typical for a political lifestyles that does justice to human freedom and group.

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Additional info for Socrates on friendship and community: reflections on Plato's Symposium, Phaedrus, and Lysis

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The only source of affection or friendship that means anything is love. Without his lover, who serves him, Admetus is fundamentally alone. Phaedrus includes not only men but also women among those lovers who willingly die for those they love (179b), but women are no more tied to their offspring than men, and play no role in binding together the family. Not families, but cities, as we have seen, are the beneficiaries of the ties between lovers and beloveds. Pleased at Alcestis’ noble sacrifice of herself for her beloved, the gods send her back from Hades.

Contributing to prudence and the rest of virtue” (184c–e). Through the Heavenly Aphrodite – and the Love who accompanies her – humans gain access to a higher life than made possible by the Olympian gods worshiped by the city. Although Pausanias describes a way of life beyond the city and its conventions, including its gods, he also recognizes the extent to which noble love requires the support of the city and its laws. Pausanias in fact presents a clever interpretation of what appears to be a double standard for lovers and beloveds as the attempt of Athenian law to move lovers in the direction of a nobler love.

Phaedrus includes not only men but also women among those lovers who willingly die for those they love (179b), but women are no more tied to their offspring than men, and play no role in binding together the family. Not families, but cities, as we have seen, are the beneficiaries of the ties between lovers and beloveds. Pleased at Alcestis’ noble sacrifice of herself for her beloved, the gods send her back from Hades. Orpheus, in contrast, did not sacrifice himself for his beloved, contriving to rescue his beloved from Hades without giving his own life for hers.

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Socrates on friendship and community: reflections on Plato's Symposium, Phaedrus, and Lysis by Mary P. Nichols


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