By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Commission on Geosciences Environment and Resources
This booklet recounts the problems raised and the viewpoints aired at a up to date symposium on repository licensing. It summarizes the issues surrounding the surroundings of an Environmental security service provider common for the discharge of radionuclides and the regulatory difficulties inherent in assembly this kind of commonplace. Symposium members got here from a number of federal businesses and advisory teams, country governments, public curiosity teams, engineering organizations, nationwide laboratories, and international and overseas organisations. The booklet illustrates the robust feeling within the radioactive waste disposal group that adjustments has to be made if the U.S. is to meet its promise of secure administration of present and destiny nuclear waste.
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Additional info for Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing: Synopsis of a Symposium
Nuclear weapons program. Most countries, including the United States, have concluded that the best means of long-term disposal of HLRW is deep geological emplacement, always including some form of engineered containment or encapsulation and generally with some limited retrieval capability, at least initially. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 divides the responsibilities for regulation of HLRW disposal among three federal agencies: the EPA, to pro- Page 5 mulgate generally applicable standards to protect the environment from nuclide releases off site; the USNRC, to set technical requirements for specific implementation of the Standard and to license the facility; and DOE, to issue general guidelines for recommending and selecting sites, characterizing sites, and ultimately, constructing and operating a geologic repository.
ROBERT D. HATCHER, University of Tennessee DAVID H. MARKS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology PERRY L. McCARTY, Stanford University ROGER O. McCLELLAN, Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology FRED W. McLAFFERTY, Cornell University D. S. Geological Survey GLENN PAULSON, Illinois Institute of Technology DAN REICHER, Natural Resources Defense Council* Participating Former Members CLARENCE R. ALLEN, California Institute of Technology GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, University of Virginia G. ROSS HEATH, University of Washington RICHARD K.
An additional risk identified was that if compliance could not be demonstrated at any facility, the existing and any future radioactive waste must remain forever in "temporary" storage. There was a good deal of discussion about the fact that licensee compliance with either the Standard, 40 CFR Part 191, or the USNRC implementing regulation, 10 CFR Part 60, did not guarantee licensee compliance with both rulemakings. This standard-to-regulation connection was termed the "nexus" and prompted an examination of ameliorative options.
Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing: Synopsis of a Symposium by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Commission on Geosciences Environment and Resources