By Paul Breeze
The hot version of Power iteration applied sciences is a concise and readable advisor that gives an advent to the complete spectrum of presently to be had energy iteration recommendations, from conventional fossil fuels and the higher verified possible choices corresponding to wind and solar energy, to rising renewables equivalent to biomass and geothermal strength. know-how strategies akin to mixed warmth and tool and allotted new release also are explored. although, this publication is greater than simply an account of the applied sciences – for every approach the writer explores the commercial and environmental expenditures and possibility components. every one know-how is roofed utilizing an analogous simple standards in order that comparisons among applied sciences will be made extra simply. these all in favour of making plans and providing power – together with engineers, managers and coverage makers – will locate during this publication a consultant during the minefield of conserving a competent strength offer, assembly pursuits on greenhouse fuel emissions, and addressing financial and social objectives.
• offers a special comparability of a variety of energy new release applied sciences from oil, coal, nuclear and usual fuel, to geothermal, wind, sunlight, and bioenergy
• enormous quantities of diagrams demystify how every one know-how services in practice
• Evaluates the industrial and environmental viability of every strength new release procedure covered
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
• New chapters masking fast-advancing renewable and substitute energy resources corresponding to municipal waste and concentrating sun plants
• clean concentration the evolution of conventional applied sciences comparable to usual gasoline and "clean coal"
• multiplied assurance of disbursed strength iteration and CHP (combined warmth and gear) applied sciences
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Additional resources for Power Generation Technologies (2nd Edition)
3 Lifetime Emissions of Carbon Dioxide for Various Power Generation Technologies* Carbon Dioxide Emissions (tonnes/GWh) Coal 964 Oil 726 Gas 484 Nuclear 8 Wind 7 Photovoltaic 5 Large hydropower 4 Solar thermal 3 Sustainable wood À160 *This is a European Commission–supported report published by the Delft University Wind Energy Research Institute. Source: Concerted Action for Offshore Wind Energy in Europe, European Union, 2001. energy is used to harvest and deliver the combustion fuel to a power plant.
GENERATORS The turbine shaft, or shafts if there are more than one, are coupled to a generator that converts the rotary mechanical motion into the electrical energy that the plant is designed to produce. Generators, like steam turbines, first appeared during the 19th century. 6. The generators used in most power stations, including coal-fired power stations, are designed to deliver an alternating current (AC) to a power grid. An AC current is preferred because it allows the voltage to be raised or lowered easily using a transformer.
2) and is consequently more expensive to transport. When it is transported, it is usually by road over short distances; by rail, river, or canal over longer distances; and by ship when traded intercontinentally. Pipeline transportation, common with both oil and gas, cannot be used for coal. Therefore, coal is most economically utilized close to its source. The major disadvantage of coal is that it is the dirtiest of the fossil fuels. Many coals contain significant amounts of sulfur, which when burned generates sulfur dioxide (SO2).
Power Generation Technologies (2nd Edition) by Paul Breeze