By Corrigan, K. (ed.), Turner, J.D. (ed.), Kevin Corrigan, John D. Turner
Through wondering the trendy different types of Plato and Platonism, this ebook deals new methods of interpreting the Platonic dialogues and the numerous traditions that resonate in them from Antiquity to Post-Modernity.
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Extra resources for Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern
17–20), Aristotle addressed the highest pairs of opposites in the second book of Peri tagathou, and hence, in the context of his presentation of the Platonic doctrine of principles. a. szlezák in which he presents the reduction (anag¯og¯e, 1005a1) of all opposites to the opposition hen—pl¯ethos as their principle. For him, this was one chapter of the logic of opposites. In Plato’s dialectic, the same opposition, under the name ‘hen—aoristos duas’ (as the principle of Manyness) doubtlessly carried ontological import.
2) Certainly, in the ideal state no one would appeal to his daimonion. On the contrary, the rulers will quite deliberately keep the unworthy or unﬁt far from the “most exact” education, that is, from education in dialectic (Rep. 503d7–9). Socrates understands this as the necessary corrective to the contemporary outrage of the “nun peri to dialegesthai platonic dialectic: the path and the goal 23 kakon gignomenon,” namely that anyone at all—even those who have nothing at all to do with it—is allowed to do dialectic (539d5–d6).
135e8–136a2). Parmenides’ advice leads us to the third characteristic feature of dialectic argumentation, namely, starting with assumptions, hypotheseis, from which one deduces consequences without ﬁrst determining their truth. If, for instance, one is dealing with the premise that the many is, which Zeno disputed, then dialectical investigation leads to two conditionals: ei polla esti, if the many is, and ei m¯e esti polla, if the many is not. Consequences can only be deduced through incorporation of the implicitly given counter-concept hen (one): then it must be asked what can be concluded for each of the two assumptions regarding the Many both in relation to itself and in relation to the One.
Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern by Corrigan, K. (ed.), Turner, J.D. (ed.), Kevin Corrigan, John D. Turner