Download PDF by Gail Fine: Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays

By Gail Fine

ISBN-10: 0199245584

ISBN-13: 9780199245581

Plato on wisdom and Forms brings jointly a collection of attached essays by way of Gail superb, in her major sector of analysis because the past due Nineteen Seventies: Plato's metaphysics and epistemology. She discusses crucial concerns in Plato's metaphysics and epistemology, concerns about the nature and quantity of data, and its relation to notion, sensibles, and kinds; and concerns in regards to the nature of kinds, comparable to whether or not they are universals or details, separate or immanent, and whether or not they are explanations. A in particular written advent attracts jointly the topics of the quantity, with the intention to present the eye of an individual attracted to Plato or in old metaphysics and epistemology.

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The icon of the line itself complements the likeness of the good to the sun because orientation toward the good is the occasion for ale mtheia. This convergence of axiology and ontology holds throughout the Platonic corpus; and it becomes especially clear if we remember that the stated aim of Parmenides’ game is the philosophical training of Socrates. But the spirit of philosophy as dialogical (or the unity of logos as a one in many) is an analogue for being itself. For that spirit is neither in the teacher’s mind, nor in the thoughts of the learner.

But although participatory being toward the good is one with the goal-oriented strivings of dialectic, being exceeds conceptualization. Consequently, Plato’s reinscription of Eleatic negative dialectic implies much more than the logical method of reduction to absurdity: elenchi are supplemented by irony and other nonliteral uses of discourse, such as Socratic analogy. In Socrates’ image of the divided line in the Republic (509c–511e), modes of disclosure are related both up and down with contrasting modes which serve to contextualize.

The dangerous purpose of Parmenides’ troubling play, then, is to carry logos beyond its limits, to evoke the nonhuman origins of human intelligibility: the whole that may not be thought. The transcendence of the good means that the conditions of possibility of intelligibility are not themselves intelligible; the darkly comical discussion of the one in the Parmenides evokes these limits, the beyond of logos and being. The irony of Parmenides’ dialectical demonstration hinges on the sophistical omission of the teleological dimension of being toward the good.

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Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays by Gail Fine


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