By Xuebin Yin, Linxi Yuan
Phytoremediation includes utilizing vegetation and their linked microbes for environmental cleanup. over the last 10 years, this therapy has won attractiveness as a cheap, non-invasive, replacement or complimentary expertise to engineering-based remediation tools. Biofortification, nonetheless, is an agricultural approach that raises the uptake and accumulation of mineral foodstuff in agricultural items via plant breeding, genetic engineering, or manipulation of agricultural practices.
This booklet indicates how, regardless of having various targets, either phytoremediation and biofortification applied sciences may be heavily attached as they're either in accordance with the phytoextraction approach that comprises plant uptake, accumulation, and transformation of nutrient components from soil. extra in particular, this short bargains a finished creation to Phytoremediation and Biofortification of selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), cadium (Cd) and copper (Cu), and illustrates the rising integration of those bio-technologies.
Phytoremediation and Biofortification: aspects of 1 Coin is a worthwhile source to scholars, technicians, and teachers who're drawn to the remedy of environmental difficulties (bioremediation) by utilizing vegetation, and within the box of biofortification.
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Extra info for Phytoremediation and Biofortification: Two Sides of One Coin
Additionally, it is known that so-called ‘‘promoter’’ substances, such as ascorbate, bcarotene, and cysteine-rich polypeptides, could accelerate the absorption of micronutrient elements in plants, and it is possible to increase the concentrations of mineral elements in plants by increasing the contents of ‘‘promoter’’ substances in genetic ways. It is the reverse with ‘‘antinutrient’’ substances, such as oxalate, polyphenolics, or phytate (White and Broadley 2009). There is genetic variation in the concentrations of mineral elements in the grains of most cereal species.
Yin School of Earth and Space Science, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), Hefei 230026, Anhui, China X. Yin and L. 1007/978-94-007-1439-7_3, Ó The Author(s) 2012 33 34 L. Zhao et al. 1 Zinc: An Overview Zinc (Zn) is the twenty-fourth most abundant element on the Earth’s crust with a content of 75 mg kg-1. 1–4 lg Zn m-3 (Emsley 2001). Zn in the environment mainly exists in the state of Znsulfide and Zn-oxides, and easily associates with many other elements, such as lead (Pb), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd) to form mineral associations.
At present, Se-enriched rice is available in the market and contributes significantly to consumers by improving their Se dietary intake since rice is one of the major staple foods in China. Tea is another popular Se biofortified product in China. Besides the Se contents of tea leaves being increased, the number of sprouts, the yield, the amino acid contents, the vitamin C contents as well as the sweetness and aroma of tea leaves could be significantly increased because of the implementation of the Se biofortification strategy (Hu et al.
Phytoremediation and Biofortification: Two Sides of One Coin by Xuebin Yin, Linxi Yuan