By Mark D. Miller, Jennifer Hart
Grasp the musculoskeletal anatomy and pathology you want to comprehend! those 210 flash playing cards use awesome illustrations created via, and within the variety of, grasp scientific illustrator Frank H. Netter, MD that will help you try your wisdom of bones, muscle tissue, ligaments, tendons, and joints. Netter illustrations are supplemented with medical, radiographic, and arthroscopic photos depicting the commonest musculoskeletal pathologies. A hugely revered doctor assistant-orthopaedist group guarantees that each one of the data at the playing cards is exact and suitable to medical perform. the result's a powerful software for self study!
Illustrations comprise fine quality Netter scientific and anatomical illustrations in addition to radiographic and arthroscopic perspectives, making sure that you'll be in a position to determine musculoskeletal buildings regardless of how they're provided to you.
Coverage of every musculoskeletal quarter comprises reports of bony anatomy, radiographic anatomy, joints, muscular tissues, arteries and nerves, diversity of movement, and linked pathologic conditions-all the scientific wisdom you need.
Multiple muscle mass are usually coated on a unmarried card to stress the muscles' dating to each other and the areas among them.
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Additional info for Netter's Musculoskeletal Flash Cards
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Sesamoids Trapezoid Trapezium Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform Capitate Hamate Metacarpals (1 to 5) Proximal phalanges Middle phalanges Distal phalanges Comment: The wrist is made of eight carpal bones in two rows. The hand comprises five metacarpals, five proximal phalanges, four middle phalanges (the thumb does not have this bone), and five distal phalanges.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Coracoacromial ligament Coracohumeral ligament Superior glenohumeral ligament Middle glenohumeral ligament Inferior glenohumeral ligament Anterior shoulder dislocation (subcoracoid) Arthroscopic view of Bankart tear Shoulder Instability Mechanism For acute dislocations: trauma with arm in abducted, externally rotated position Diagnosis Positive apprehension sign, positive relocation test, positive sulcus sign (may indicate multidirectional instability) Imaging Anteroposterior and axillary radiographs for acute dislocation May show bony injury such as Hill-Sachs lesion (impaction fracture of humeral head during relocation) Arthrographic magnetic resonance imaging may show Bankart lesion (classic labral injury of shoulder dislocation) Treatment Generally conservative in nontraumatic cases and first-time dislocations Surgical Bankart repair and/or capsulorrhaphy (capsular imbrication and tightening) Arthroscopic image from Miller M, Howard R, Plancher K: Surgical Atlas of Sports Medicine.
3. 4. 5. 6. Acromion Humeral head Proximal migration of the humeral head Glenoid Rotator cuff insertion Rotator cuff tendon (retracted) Rotator Cuff Arthropathy Mechanism Rotator cuff tears that remain untreated which results in significant retraction and fatty atrophy of the muscles Diagnosis Weakness on examination, drop arm test, “horn blowers” sign Imaging Plain radiographs show proximal migration of the humeral head, arthrographic magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates retraction and fatty atrophy Treatment These tears are not repairable Treatment consists of conservative management initially and later constrained hemiarthroplasty or reverse shoulder prosthesis The Shoulder and Upper Arm 1-17 Conditions: Biceps Tendon 2 1 3 Identify the condition 4 The Shoulder and Upper Arm 1-18 Conditions: Biceps Tendon 1.
Netter's Musculoskeletal Flash Cards by Mark D. Miller, Jennifer Hart