By Sarah Waterlow
This exam of Aristotle's thought of average substance and its implications for switch, strategy, company, teleology, mathematical continuity, and everlasting movement illustrates the conceptual strength of Aristotle's metaphysics of nature besides its medical obstacles and inner tensions.
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Additional resources for Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics: A Philosophical Study
Motivational system of craftsman qua craftsman Yes: Calling: desire to realize the end of the craft. Calling is the efficient and most final cause of all the other intellectual and desiderative components of the motivational system. Yes. The craft determines the content of craftsman’s calling. ” It is not “up to” a doctor to determine the content of his calling qua doctor. Motivational system of human qua human Yes: Calling: desire for eudaimonia or flourishing. Calling is the efficient and most final cause of all the other intellectual and desiderative components of the motivational system.
Whereas choice is the desire for the means, wish is the desire for the goal and the end. And as we shall see, wish has unique causal powers insofar as it is the final cause of the craftsman’s choices and subsequent actions. Moreover, a special kind of wish that I refer to as calling, is the efficient cause of the various “inner resources” that comprise the other components of the craftsman’s motivational system. Wish Wish, according to Aristotle, is concerned with “the that for the sake of which” (NE 1113a) and the end.
For Aristotle, most wishes are simply desires for an instrumental goal. When Jiminy Cricket sings “when you wish upon a star, makes no difference who you are,” he is using a notion of wish that does not capture Aristotle’s notion of this term. Jiminy alludes neither to a goal nor to actions undertaken for the sake of a goal. Given that most wishes are simply desires for instrumental goals, the realization of one’s wish may or may not be pleasure inducing. Namiki may feel a sense of relief having returned from his trek to the market, but this sense of relief is far from pleasure and gratification.
Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics: A Philosophical Study by Sarah Waterlow