Download e-book for kindle: NATO's Secret Army: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in by Daniele Ganser

By Daniele Ganser

ISBN-10: 0714656070

ISBN-13: 9780714656076

The CIA and the British mystery carrier MI6, in collaboration with the army alliance NATO and ecu army mystery companies manage a community of clandestine anticommunist armies in Western Europe after global battle II. the key squaddies have been educated on distant islands within the Mediterranean and in unorthodox conflict facilities in England and within the usa by way of the fairway Berets and SAS exact Forces. The community was once armed with explosives, desktop weapons and high-tech conversation gear hidden in underground bunkers and mystery palms caches in forests and mountain meadows. In a few nations, the key military associated up with right-wing terrorists who in a mystery battle engaged in political manipulation, harassment of left wing events, massacres, coup d'etats and torture.

Codenamed "Gladio" ('the sword'), the Italian mystery military was once uncovered in 1990 by means of Italian best Minister Giulio Andreotti to the Italian Senate, whereupon the clicking mentioned the "the top saved, and so much harmful, political-military mystery because global warfare II" (Observer, 18. November 1990) and saw that "The tale turns out immediately from the pages of a political thriller." (The Times, November 19, 1990). Ever seeing that, so-called 'stay-behind' armies of NATO have additionally been stumbled on in France, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Greece and Turkey. They have been the world over coordinated by means of the Pentagon and NATO and had their final recognized assembly within the NATO-linked Allied Clandestine Committee (ACC) in Brussels in October 1990.

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Additional info for NATO's Secret Army: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies)

Example text

2 The international press protested against the ill-advised public relations policy of the military alliance when it related with bitterness: 'As shock followed shock across the Continent, a NATO spokesman issued a denial: nothing was known of Gladio or stay-behind. '6 A NATO diplomat, who insisted on remaining anonymous, reasoned in front of the press: 'Since this is a secret organisation, I wouldn't expect too many questions to be answered, even though the Cold War is over. If there were any links to terrorist organisations, that sort of information would be buried very deep indeed.

27 'Our stay-behind was co-ordinated together with the other analogous secret European structures by the CPC, Co-ordination and Planning Committee of SHAPE, the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe', Italian General Gerardo Serravalle revealed. The predecessor of General Inzerilli, General Serravalle commanded the Italian Gladio from 1971 to 1974 and related that 'in the 1970s the members of the CPC were the officers responsible for the secret structures of Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and Italy.

42 32 When in the mid-1970s the parliament of the United States realised that the CIA as well as the Pentagon had increased their power almost beyond control and had also abused it on numerous occassions, US Senator Frank Church wisely observed that 'The growth of Intelligence abuses reflects a more general failure of our basic institutions'. 43 The overall impact of the investigation of the US Congress was however marginal and the secret services supported by the White House continued to abuse their power as the Iran Contra scandal in 1986 highlighted.

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NATO's Secret Army: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) by Daniele Ganser


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