Napoleon's Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History - download pdf or read online

By Penny Le Couteur, Jay Burreson

ISBN-10: 1585423319

ISBN-13: 9781585423316

Napoleon's Buttons is the attention-grabbing account of seventeen teams of molecules that experience vastly motivated the process historical past. those molecules supplied the impetus for early exploration, and made attainable the voyages of discovery that ensued. The molecules ended in grand feats of engineering and spurred advances in medication and legislation; they made up our minds what we now consume, drink, and put on. a metamorphosis as small because the place of an atom may end up in huge, immense changes within the homes of a substance-which, in flip, can lead to nice old shifts.

With full of life prose and one eye on colourful and weird info, Le Couteur and Burreson supply a singular technique to comprehend the shaping of civilization and the workings of our modern world.

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This is not to say that manufactured vitamin pills can replace the natural vitamins in foods. Swallowing a seventy-milligram ascorbic acid pill may not produce quite the same benefits as the seventy milligrams of vitamic C obtained from eating an average-sized orange. Other substances found in fruits and vegetables, such as those responsible for their bright colors, may help the absorption of vitamin C or in some way, as yet unknown, enhance its effect. The main commercial use of vitamin C today is as a food preservative, where it acts as an antioxidant and an antimicrobial agent.

Sugar was also being used in sweet treats: syrup-covered nuts and seeds, marzipan, cakes, and candies. It had become a staple food, a necessity rather than a luxury, and consumption continued to rise through the twentieth century.

Almost overnight the symptoms were said to lessen and the disease rapidly disappeared. In 1593 Sir Richard Hawkins, an admiral of the British navy, claimed that within his own experience at least ten thousand men had died at sea from scurvy, but that lemon juice would have been an immediately effective cure. There were even published accounts of successful treatments of scurvy. In 1617, John Woodall’s The Surgeon’s Mate described lemon juice as being prescribed for both cure and prevention. Eighty years later Dr.

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Napoleon's Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History by Penny Le Couteur, Jay Burreson


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