By Charles R. Epp
It’s a standard criticism: the us is overrun by means of principles and techniques that shackle expert judgment, haven't any legitimate goal, and serve in simple terms to soothe courts and attorneys. Charles R. Epp argues, although, that few americans would need to come to an period with no those legalistic rules, which within the Seventies helped convey recalcitrant bureaucracies into line with a becoming nationwide dedication to civil rights and person dignity. Focusing on 3 disparate coverage areas—workplace sexual harassment, playground security, and police brutality in either the U.S. and the United Kingdom—Epp explains how activists and execs used criminal legal responsibility, lawsuit-generated exposure, and leading edge managerial rules to pursue the implementation of recent rights. jointly, those recommendations led to frameworks designed to make associations responsible via problematic principles, worker education, and managerial oversight. Explaining how those practices turned ubiquitous throughout bureaucratic enterprises, Epp casts today’s legalistic country in a completely new light.
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Additional info for Making Rights Real: Activists, Bureaucrats, and the Creation of the Legalistic State (Chicago Series in Law and Society)
They are divided, reflecting ongoing tensions between, on the one hand, activists and reformist professionals seeking greater bureaucratic fidelity to the norms of civil rights and safety and, on the other, administrative professionals seeking to ameliorate the administrative effects of these pressures. These very different processes contribute to what I will characterize as the divided character of legalized accountability. The phenomenon is at once a reform imposed by activists, generating often-painful changes in existing organizational routines, and at virtually the same time a managerial effort to shield against yet greater intrusion.
The other stream, which I will call the “activist” model, characterized the problem as racial discrimination and abuse by the police–encompassing harassment, excessive force, and unjustified shootings. Activists characterized the solution as systemic reform of policing aimed at changing police culture, policies, and practices and, specifically, at eliminating police abuse by disciplining or firing problem officers. Ironically, as the institutions of professional policing gained ground and spread across the country after the 1920s, these successes helped intensify the activists’ critique of American policing as racially discriminatory.
13 As such, he got his job by loyalty to the machine and lost it if the machine was thrown out of political power. 14 The position required no qualifications other than partisan loyalty. ”18 To separate policing from partisan control, reformers drew on European models. European governing systems generally insulated the police from popular political influence and subordinated frontline officers to a centralized police command structure, and such an approach seemed very desirable to American reformers.
Making Rights Real: Activists, Bureaucrats, and the Creation of the Legalistic State (Chicago Series in Law and Society) by Charles R. Epp