Download e-book for kindle: London Fog: The Biography by Christine L. Corton

By Christine L. Corton

ISBN-10: 0674088352

ISBN-13: 9780674088351

In renowned mind's eye, London is a urban of fog. The vintage London fogs, the thick yellow “pea-soupers,” have been born within the commercial age of the early 19th century. the 1st globally infamous example of pollution, they remained a relentless characteristic of chilly, windless wintry weather days until eventually fresh air laws within the Nineteen Sixties caused their death. Christine L. Corton tells the tale of those epic London fogs, their risks and sweetness, and their lasting results on our tradition and imagination.

As the town grew, smoke from hundreds of thousands of family fires, mixed with business emissions and of course taking place mists, seeped into houses, retailers, and public structures in darkish yellow clouds of water droplets, soot, and sulphur dioxide. The fogs have been occasionally so thick that individuals couldn't see their very own ft. by the point London’s fogs lifted within the moment half the 20 th century, that they had replaced city lifestyles. Fogs had created worlds of anonymity that formed social family members, supplying a canopy for crime, and blurring ethical and social barriers. they'd been a present to writers, showing famously within the works of Charles Dickens, Henry James, Oscar Wilde, Robert Louis Stevenson, Joseph Conrad, and T. S. Eliot. Whistler and Monet painted London fogs with a fascination different artists reserved for the transparent gentle of the Mediterranean.

Corton combines ancient and literary sensitivity with an eye fixed for visible drama―generously illustrated here―to display London fog as one of many nice city spectacles of the commercial age.

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Extra resources for London Fog: The Biography

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Reproduced by kind permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library. 112 But as the gloom deepened, voices were raised to demand that steps be taken to lighten up the city by pushing back the ever-increasing presence of smoke and fog. The political constellation that had so frustrated reformers such as Taylor, Pegge, and Frend began to change in the 1830s and 1840s. Reform was on the agenda. During the early Victorian period, not least as a consequence of the cholera epidemic of 1832 and even more of a second epidemic in 1849, a “sanitary revolution” got under way, with social reformers and medical men arguing with ever-greater insistence that Britain’s industrial towns and cities urgently required a massive cleanup.

His clothes are those of a Regency-style dandy, but he is paying no attention to the oncoming horses and carriage and is obviously in danger of being run over; perhaps he cannot see them through the fog. The print gains its satirical edge from the contrast between the world of fashion and the grubbiness of a grimy, foggy, and dirty city. “London particular” was widely used as a term for the combination of fog and smoke, but as in the case of pea soup, it came during the second half of the century to be employed with a degree of nostalgia.

Pecksniff has another pupil, Tom Pinch, but he leaves Pecksniff when he realizes that his master, instead of training them, is paying them nothing more than a pittance while claiming their work as his own. Pinch departs to London, where he rescues his sister Ruth from servitude as a governess. Meanwhile, Old Martin’s brother Anthony Chuzzlewit, a wealthy miser, dies mysteriously, leaving his wealth to his son Jonas Chuzzlewit. Jonas is courting Charity Pecksniff, Seth’s daughter. However, he then turns his attentions to her sister, Mercy, whom he later marries and begins to treat badly.

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London Fog: The Biography by Christine L. Corton

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