By Frank Swetz
An emblem of the Divine, a very good good fortune attraction, a cosmogram of the area order, a template for fengshui during the a long time, the luoshu, or magic squre of order 3, has involved humans of many alternative cultures. during this riveting account of cultural detective paintings, popular arithmetic educator, Frank J. Swetz relates how he exposed the formerly hidden historical past of the luoshu, from its chinese language origins, shrouded in legend, via its eventual organization with chinese language fortunetelling, Daoism, and fengshui, to its incorporation into Islamic astrology and alchemy and its migration into Kabbalistic lore and different occult traditions of the West.
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Additional info for Legacy of the Luoshu: The 4,000 Year Search for the Meaning of the Magic Square of Order Three
As Heaven was ruled from the central purple palace, so Earth, through the Son of Heaven, was ruled from the Mingtang. ”16 One of the important alternate functions of the Mingtang during the late Shang and Western Zhou periods was to serve as both a meeting site and structure for representatives of the empire to reaffirm their subservience to the Son of Heaven. In the “Grand Assemblage of People of the Four Quadrates,” representatives gathered at the Mingtang complex and physically grouped themselves in positions symbolizing status and rank.
Qxp:OC Luoshu rev 5/8/08 11:11 AM Page 39 4 The Luoshu in Cosmic Ritual, Fortune-Telling, and Fengshui The luoshu was connected to the ancient cosmic Mingtang ritual which took place in temple complexes called Mingtang temples. The base of the Mingtang temple had to be square and the temple contained nine rooms, each of which came to be associated with one of the numbers from 1 to 9. The resulting number array matches the luoshu. In order to honor the sky god, the emperor had to follow a prescribed path in the temple, moving from one room to another each month in a certain order and moving in a certain direction.
The number 5 occupies the key central cell. By virtue of that position, 5 figures into the calculation for the magic constant more often than any other number: four times out of eight. It is one of the addends for one column sum, one row sum, and both diagonal sums. qxp:OC Luoshu rev 5/8/08 26 11:11 AM Page 26 Legacy of the Luoshu times the order of the square, three, provides the magic constant, 15. Similarly, the number in the central cell multiplied by the order of the square squared provides the total sum for all the elements of the square.
Legacy of the Luoshu: The 4,000 Year Search for the Meaning of the Magic Square of Order Three by Frank Swetz