By Aaron Jaffer
Lascars have been seamen from the Indian subcontinent or different international locations of the Indian Ocean who have been hired on eu ships from the 16th to the 20th centuries. They got here from quite a few ethnic and non secular backgrounds and infrequently labored in gangs, overseen via a serang. Lascars have been hired on much less beneficial phrases than eu sailors, and, simply because sensitivity in the direction of their specific cultural, nutritional and non secular backgrounds was once needed,but now not continually impending, from eu officials, there has been massive scope for friction. This ebook, according to large unique examine, examines the actions and position of lascars, focusing specifically on protest in itsvarious kinds, from gentle unrest to outright mutiny, which in severe situations concerned the homicide of ecu officials and the seizing of ships and their cargoes. the point of interest is on mutiny and protest since it is just throughout the documents of British East India corporation courts, which occasionally attempted situations related to ships from different eu international locations along with Britain, that lascar actions at sea come into view and lascar voices heard. The e-book during the learn of mutiny and different kinds of protest thereby unearths complete and fascinating information of shipboard lifestyles total for lascars during this interval.
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Extra info for Lascars and Indian Ocean Seafaring, 1780-1860
119 Rose, ‘The Anatomy of Mutiny’, pp. 561–62. 120 Bell and Elleman, Naval Mutinies, p. 3. 121 James Innes, ‘Diary of James Innes’, 19 December 1833, MS JM/A7/231, Cambridge University Library [hereafter CUL]. 122 The Sydney Herald, 13 April 1841, p. 2. 123 Katherine F. Bruner, John K. Fairbank and Richard J. Smith (eds), Entering China’s Service: Robert Hart’s Journals, 1854–1863 (Cambridge, MA, 1986), p. 20. 124 The only known exception is the autobiography by Joseph Emin (1726–1809), an Armenian resident of India who journeyed from Calcutta to London as a sailor.
Pp. ii, 5–6, 7, 9, 11, 40, 42, 72, 103, 105–6, 108, 122, 130, 133, 207, 209–19, 249–52, 254; Prescott, ‘Lascar Seamen on the Clyde’, pp. 202–5. 174 Heloise Finch-Boyer, ‘Lascars through the Colonial Lens: Reconsidering Visual Sources of South Asian Sailors from the Twentieth Century’, Journal for Maritime Research, 16:2 (2014), pp. 246–63. g. Thomas Machell, ‘Journals’, 1840–48, Mss Eur B369/1, fos 187, 191–92, 226a, IOPP; Gardyne, ‘Journal of the ship RELIANCE’, 14 January 1828. 176 William Wyllie, Lascar seamen manning yards, undated, watercolour, PAE3062, NMM; Robert Temple, ‘Serang, or Cockswain of a Bombay Pilot Boat’, ‘A Klassee, Sailor’, 1810–13, watercolours, WD315; John Thomas James, ‘Lascars celebrating the Hegira Aug 26th 1827 on board the Mary Anne’, 1827, watercolour, WD11, BL.
S. Halliday, Superintendent of Police, to J. Duncan, Governor of Bombay, 27 June 1801, Bombay Public Proceedings 3 July 1801, P/342/48, IOR, pp. 1532–34. g. Examination of Eesoof Tindal, 19 October 1834, BC 64350, pp. 74–75, F/4/1581, IOR. 131 Cf. ”’, p. 146. 132 Penang officials, meanwhile, revisited the mutiny aboard the Wilhelmina (1819) twice after the initial inquiry. The first occasion was in 1821 at the request of the Dutch, who entertained hopes of recovering silver the mutineers had plundered.
Lascars and Indian Ocean Seafaring, 1780-1860 by Aaron Jaffer