New PDF release: Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal Applications

By Author Unknown, T. J. M. Bench-Capon

ISBN-10: 012086441X

ISBN-13: 9780120864416

This publication compiles the adventure of the most important venture in knowledge-based platforms and the legislation but undertaken. It presents an in-depth advent to illustration of legislation in machine courses, in addition to extra complicated dialogue and outline of huge knowledge-based structures development, criminal illustration, cooperative paintings, and interface layout within the context of the undertaking.

Describes the world's greatest KBS and legislations project**Contains an authoritative survey of ways to criminal wisdom representation**Outlines a number of prototype systems**Discusses the combination of KBS and legislation matters with HCI and social implications

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1982]. T h e L E G O L language (in its executable dialects) was conceived as an extended relational algebra with special operators for handling time [Jones et cd. 1979]. T h e language could b e used to simulate the effects of legal provisions by executing a set of L E G O L rules which defined new relations by means of expressions of the relational algebra. Some versions of the language provided a set of conventional program control structures in addition: sequencing of rules, if-then-else branches, and iteration [Jones 1980].

This has led to occasional misunderstandings. 6. Criticisms Philip Leith [1986a] has argued for the rejection of legal 'expert systems' that represent only 'paper rules'. In a modified version of the same paper he concentrates his attack on the use of logic programming techniques specifically [Leith 1986b]. However, many of these criticisms apply equally to the approaches described in this section, and the questions Leith raises are, therefore, examined here. Leith's central contention is that basing a computer system on 'paper rules' alone is equivalent to claiming that legal problems are resolved by mechanically applying 'clear legal rules'.

A statute, for example, may define a legal concept in more or less precise terms, but it will also include many different types of provision, describing for example how the statute affects other related legislation, or specifying the penalties that will be incurred if its provisions are transgressed, or setting out general requirements for the procedures to be used in its administration. Even an apparently simple statement like 'claimants must submit applications before 1 January' can be read in many different ways.

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Knowledge-Based Systems and Legal Applications by Author Unknown, T. J. M. Bench-Capon

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