By Donald T. Critchlow
After international struggle II, U.S. coverage experts--convinced that unchecked inhabitants progress threatened international disaster--successfully lobbied bipartisan policy-makers in Washington to begin federally-funded relatives making plans. In meant results, Donald T. Critchlow deftly chronicles how the government's involvement in birth control and abortion developed into some of the most sour, partisan controversies in American political heritage. the expansion of the feminist move within the overdue Nineteen Sixties essentially altered the controversy over the federal relations making plans circulate, transferring its concentration from inhabitants keep an eye on directed by means of proven pursuits within the philanthropic neighborhood to hugely polarized pro-abortion and anti-abortion teams mobilized on the grass-roots point. And while the ideally suited court docket granted ladies the Constitutional correct to felony abortion in 1973, what started as a bi-partisan, quiet revolution through the administrations of Kennedy and Johnson exploded right into a contentious argument over sexuality, welfare, the position of ladies, and the breakdown of conventional family members values. meant outcomes encompasses over 4 a long time of political background, reading every little thing from the aftermath of the Republican "moral revolution" through the Reagan and Bush years to the present tradition wars touching on unwed motherhood, homosexuality, and the additional safety of women's abortion rights. Critchlow's conscientiously balanced appraisal of federal contraception and abortion coverage finds that regardless of the talk, the kin making plans flow has certainly entire a lot within the manner of its meant goal--the aid of inhabitants development in lots of elements of the realm. Written with authority, clean perception, and impeccable learn, meant outcomes skillfully unfolds the heritage of the way the government came across its manner into the non-public bedrooms of the yank relatives.
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Extra resources for Intended Consequences: Birth Control, Abortion, and the Federal Government in Modern America
Moore, fanatical on the issue of population control, presented a contrast to the reserved, scientific-minded Rockefeller. A millionaire in his own right after having sold Dixie Cup to the American Can Company, Moore devoted his life and wealth to thwarting the "population explosion," a term he coined. Born in Kansas in 1887 and raised in Missouri, Moore interrupted his college career at Harvard University when he dropped out of school at the age of twenty-one to join his brother-in-law in New York City.
51 Still, Moore's energy and his belief that immediate action was needed could not be contained in the Planned Parenthood organizations. Convinced that Planned Parenthood remained too focused on what he called the "family aspect" of birth control, as opposed to population control, he decided to form his own organization, the Population Action Committee, in 1953. Gathering around him a group of wealthy businessmen and public figures, including Marriner Eccles, Will Clayton, Pierre S. Dupont, Ellsworth Bunker, Elmo Roper, and John McCloy, Moore called for immediate mobilization against an impending population crisis.
28 In July 1959 Osborn stepped down from the presidency to hand the reins over to Frank Notestein. Close friends, Osborn and Notestein had cooperated in establishing the Population Council's reputation in the population field. Osborn left the office confident that within the next decade the problem of overpopulation would be addressed. "29 Notestein brought to the organization his experience as one of the leading scientific demographers in the country. 30 Under Notestein the council made a full commitment to initiating "action programs" to provide technical assistance to population programs abroad.
Intended Consequences: Birth Control, Abortion, and the Federal Government in Modern America by Donald T. Critchlow