By Waldo Joseph Elisabeth Beek
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Because the Zn-OH O1s signal is included in this calculation the ratio is higher than expected. 72. Atomic sensitivity data are recorded for bulk materials and do not take into account compositional gradients in depth of the material. 1 eV.
37 Chapter 2 [2,2´:5´,2´´-Terthiophene]-5-pentanoic acid (2). 2 g, 3 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) at 90 ºC, in 45 min. Subsequently the reaction mixture is kept at 90 ºC for another 15 min. Workup is performed by slow addition to water under argon flow. 45 g (92%) T3(CH2)4CN. T3(CH2)4CN was then dissolved in a water:ethanol mixture (v:v = 1:3, 200 mL) containing KOH (2 g) and hydrolyzed under reflux for 3 days. After removal of ethanol the reaction mixture was added to THF and concentrated HCl was added until pH = 1.
Fitzmaurice, D. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 5017. ; Fitzmaurice, D. Coord. Chem. Rev. 1999, 185-186, 277. ; Fitzmaurice, D. Adv. Mater. 1999, 11, 1202. ; Fitzmaurice, D. J. Mater. Chem. 1998, 8, 2157. 5 Ipe, B. ; Thomas, K. ; Kamat, P. V. J. Phys. Chem. 2002, 106, 18. 6 Kotov, N. ; Meldrum, F. ; Fendler, J. H. J. Phys. Chem. ; Yang, S. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2000, 222, 37. 8 Duffy, N. ; Dobson, K. ; Gordon, K. ; Robinson, B. ; McQuillan, A. J. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1997, 266, 451. 9 Nakamoto, K.
Hybrid polymer solar cells by Waldo Joseph Elisabeth Beek