By Campbell M.H. (ed.)
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Extra info for High-Level Radioactive Waste Management
Waste Management goals are to (1) minimize the volume of waste generated, (2) treat the waste to reduce the volume and eliminate or reduce the hazard, (3) store waste only as a short-term option, and (4) provide final disposal using proven environmentally safe methods. To accomplish these goals, the INEL Waste Management Program instituted a waste minimization program to educate waste generators in areas of material substitution, waste handling and avoidance, and to implement a comprehensive recycling program.
Under both statutes, releases of wastes needing further investigation are identified, the nature and extent of the releases are characterized, cleanup alternatives are developed, a cleanup remedy is proposed for public comment, and the selected remedy is authorized and camed out. However, the 2 programs differ in their highly detailed sets of procedural regulations and guidelines and in the particulars of their implementation. For instance, according to environmental restoration officials at DOE, corrective actions under RCRA are generally implemented unit by unit, while cleanups under CERCLA may address contamination over a wider geographic area, such as groundwater contamination that underlies several units.
In the case of mixed TRU wastes destined for deep geologic disposal, the hazardous components must not exceed established waste acceptance criteria. Most of the hazardous components of the mixed wastes have not been characterized; however, from past knowledge, they represent the entire gamut of organic and inorganic hazardous wastes. Available technology is inadequate to solve many of the problems at hand. The result is a mixed waste dilemma that poses serious legal and technical problems that need to be resolved.
High-Level Radioactive Waste Management by Campbell M.H. (ed.)