By Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Life cycle overview (LCA) is used to judge the environmental affects of fabric items, from uncooked fabric extraction, via fibre processing, fabric manufacture, distribution and use, to disposal or recycling. LCA is a crucial device for the learn and improvement approach, product and strategy layout, and labelling of textiles and garments. Handbook of existence Cycle overview (LCA) of Textiles and Clothingsystematically covers the LCA technique with entire examples and case studies.
Part one of many publication covers key symptoms and procedures in LCA, from carbon and ecological footprints to disposal, re-use and recycling. half then discusses a extensive diversity of LCA purposes within the textiles and garments industry.
- Covers the LCA technique and its key signs, together with carbon and ecological footprints, disposal, re-use and recycling
- Examines the foremost advancements of LCA within the cloth and garments industries
- Provides quite a lot of case reviews and examples of LCA functions within the fabric and garments industries
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Additional resources for Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Textiles and Clothing (Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
CML 2001 LCIA method One year use of cotton bed sheet, 240 Â 300 cm, cradle-to-use w3e5 One year use of cotton/ polyester bed sheet, 240 Â 300 cm, cradle-touse w4 Muthu et al. 66 Walser et al. 95 Cotton T-shirt, 110 g, cradle-to-grave 3 Cotton/elastane jeans, 477 g, cradle-to-grave 14 Bevilacqua M et al. (2011) GWP100. PAS 2050 was taken into account Other publications Roos et al. (2015) GWP100. Biogenic CO2 emissions considered climate neutral. 3 19 Continued Publication Method Studied item and scope Resultsa (kg CO2-e) Polyester dress, 478 g, cradle-to-grave 10 Polyamide/polyester jacket, 444 g, cradle-to-grave 18 Cotton/polyester hospital uniform, 340 g, cradle-tograve 11 Beton et al.
This is problematic when it comes to explaining the differences between the values in the Ecoinvent database (Ecoinvent Centre, 2010), which has a consistent structure of including also infrastructure such as machinery and buildings versus the IDEMAT database (Vogtl€ander, 2012) where documentation is lacking regarding the inclusion of supplementary processes and infrastructure. 4 Wet treatment Textile wet treatment technology is very diverse, but the Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF) for the Textile Industry (European Commission, 2003) provides a useful overview.
Standardisation has gathered pace over the last 20 years, and the key standards bear many signs of common ancestry and purpose. Increasingly, we will see comparable results, but the residual diversity among the standards means that readers of carbon footprint information must read carefully. Far from decrying diversity, we should bear in mind that a diversity of standards and approaches is necessary given the many different purposes to which carbon footprinting can be put e from product labelling to policy analysis and process design.
Handbook of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Textiles and Clothing (Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu