By Dorothee Brantz, Sonja Dümpelmann, Visit Amazon's Alfonso Valenzuela-Aguilera Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Alfonso Valenzuela-Aguilera,
The smooth urban is not just pavement and urban. Parks, gardens, timber, and different vegetation are an essential component of the city setting. frequently the focal issues of social activities and political pursuits, eco-friendly areas symbolize excess of easily an attempt to stability the man-made with the typical. A city’s heritage with—and procedure to—its parks and gardens finds a lot approximately its workings and the forces performing upon it. Our eco-friendly areas supply a different and important window at the background of urban life.
The essays in Greening the City span over a century of city heritage, relocating from fin-de-siècle Sofia to eco-friendly efforts in city Seattle. The authors current a big selection of instances that talk to worldwide matters during the neighborhood and particular, with themes that come with green-space making plans in Barcelona and Mexico urban, the excellence among private and non-private nature in la, the ecological variety of West Berlin, and the ancient and cultural value of hybrid areas designed for activities. The essays gathered the following will make us imagine in a different way approximately how we examine towns, in addition to how we are living in them.
Contributors: Dorothee Brantz, Technische Universität Berlin * Peter Clark, collage of Helsinki * Lawrence Culver, Utah country collage * Konstanze Sylva Domhardt, Swiss Federal Institute of expertise, Zurich * Sonja Dümpelmann, collage of Maryland * Zachary J. S. Falck, autonomous student* Stefanie Hennecke, Technical college Munich * Sonia Hirt, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and kingdom college * Salla Jokela, collage of Helsinki * Jens Lachmund, Maastricht college * Gary McDonogh, Bryn Mawr university * Jarmo Saarikivi, collage of Helsinki * Jeffrey Craig Sanders, Washington nation University
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Extra info for Greening the City: Urban Landscapes in the Twentieth Century
State Department. None of these organizations is responsible for the views expressed in this essay. A version of this article was published previously by Sage Publications as “The Compact vs. the Dispersed City: History of Planning Debates on Soﬁa’s Urban Form” in the Journal of Planning History 6 (2007): 138–65. P. Hall, Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century (New York, 1988). M. C. Boyer, Dreaming the Rational City: The Myth of American City Planning (Cambridge, 1983).
In 1990, the municipality organized a national planning competition in which twenty-six teams took part. Of those, fourteen teams sought urban dispersal—eight by building autonomous satellite towns separated by greenbelts, and the rest by expanding Soﬁa’s borders and directing new low-density residential growth toward the green areas in the hilly outskirts. Despite the fact that no population growth was projected, some entries went as far as to advocate expanding the urbanized areas by 40 percent to allow for low-density living “amid nature,” or even to erect a second large new center to counterbalance the existing downtown.
They promise many beneﬁts in eﬃciency (for example, compact forms utilize existing infrastructure to its full potential), ecological protection (for example, compact forms require less car use and thus reduce pollution), and social equity (for example, compact forms have the potential to foster greater social integration). ³⁷ Planning in Soﬁa evolved under the clear inﬂuence of all the foreign ideas described above. Yet, local judgment also reﬂected local conditions, sometimes resulting in interpretations that took the original meaning of the ideas in quite peculiar new directions.
Greening the City: Urban Landscapes in the Twentieth Century by Dorothee Brantz, Sonja Dümpelmann, Visit Amazon's Alfonso Valenzuela-Aguilera Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Alfonso Valenzuela-Aguilera,