By Sujoy Ghosh; et al
Fundoscopy Made effortless (Ie)
Read Online or Download Fundoscopy made easy PDF
Similar surgery books
As Professor Owen H Wangensteen, one of many maximum educational surgeons of the twentieth century, stated: you're a real health care provider from the instant you could take care of your issues. advised and actual analysis, in addition to powerful remedy, of surgical issues is without doubt one of the most crucial parts of surgical perform.
A “find-it-now” point-of-care consultant to colorectal surgery--complete with ICD-9 codes A Doody's middle identify! "As a hectic surgical resident who's frequently bombarded with info from numerous various assets, i discovered this booklet to be a finished fast connection with refresh my reminiscence concerning the analysis, administration, and operative strategy linked to colorectal illnesses.
Dwelling donor kidney (LDK) transplantation has develop into the definitive method of the therapy of end-stage renal failure, supplying a greater caliber of existence and the simplest chance for survival compared to dialysis or transplantation from a deceased donor. A well timed compendium of the fashionable day perform of LDK transplantation from a bunch of remarkable foreign specialists, this article explores a couple of debatable facets of this leading edge new approach.
Extra resources for Fundoscopy made easy
The retinal capillary wall is lined by endothelial cells and pericytes which form a tight inner retinal barrier. The retinal blood vessels are autoregulated like those of the brain. Retinal veins The perivenular capillaries ultimately form the four main branches (superotemporal, inferotemporal, superonasal and inferonasal) before forming the central retinal vein at the optic disc. The vessels cross over one another in the retina. 5 mm, the optic disc lies about 3 mm nasal to the fovea. The edge of the optic disc may be slightly elevated.
Panretinal laser involves the application of 500 μm of Argon laser photocoagulation spots, each separated by an interval of a similar spot size to the mid-peripheral retina. A row of laser burns is initially placed approximately three disc diameters temporal to the fovea to avoid getting too close to the fovea. About 1500 burns are usually required (in two or three sessions). Severe cases may require further photocoagulation. The aim is to cover the ischaemic areas, and regression of new vessels occurs in almost 80% of cases.
26 The Normal Fundus and Its Variants 3 Albino fundus Melanocytes normally synthesise melanin in the retinal pigment epithelium. Absence of melanin due to any defect in its synthesis allows the choroidal vasculature to be seen under the retinal vessels. Ocular albinism is a rare X-linked disorder, affecting the eyes only. Oculocutaneous albinism is an autosomal recessive condition, characterised by hypopigmentation of skin, hair, fundus and irides. It is often associated with a decrease in visual acuity, photophobia and nystagmus.
Fundoscopy made easy by Sujoy Ghosh; et al