By Beryl Satter
Part family members tale and half city background, a landmark research of segregation and concrete decay in Chicago--and towns around the nation
The "promised land" for millions of Southern blacks, postwar Chicago fast turned the main segregated urban within the North, the positioning of the nation's worst ghettos and the objective of Martin Luther King Jr.'s first crusade past the South. during this robust publication, Beryl Satter identifies the real motives of the city's black slums and the spoil of city neighborhoods through the kingdom: now not, as a few have argued, black pathology, the tradition of poverty, or white flight, yet a frequent and institutionalized approach of felony and fiscal exploitation.
In Satter's riveting account of a urban in trouble, unscrupulous legal professionals, slumlords, and speculators are pitched opposed to non secular reformers, group organizers, and an impassioned lawyer who introduced a campaign opposed to the profiteers--the author's father, Mark J. Satter. on the center of the fight stand the black migrants who, having left the South with its legacy of sharecropping, abruptly locate themselves stuck in a brand new form of debt peonage. Satter exhibits the interlocking forces at paintings of their oppression: the discriminatory practices of the banking undefined; the federal regulations that created the country's shameful "dual housing market"; the industrial anxieties that fueled white violence; and the tempting earnings to be made by means of preying at the city's so much weak inhabitants.
A enormous paintings of heritage, this story of racism and actual property, politics and finance, will perpetually swap our figuring out of the forces that remodeled city the USA.
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Extra resources for Family Properties: Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America
He valued her, he wrote, because she was a “willing listener” to his views. He was one of many to note that Clarice was a “zieseh neshumah,” a sweet soul in whom others naturally confided their troubles. 22 Their relationship was rocky from the start. My father was tortured by jealousy when anyone so much as “looked at” Clarice. 23 “My Clarice,” he wrote in her yearbook. My mother found his moodiness and possessiveness too much and broke up with him but then had second thoughts. 24 Mark was a strikingly handsome young man, with large, heavily lashed gray green eyes and dark wavy hair that framed his powerful forehead.
By the early 1950s he was sharing a suite with half a dozen other young attorneys. My father didn’t specialize. He was drawn to litigation that was complex. He loved legal research and was good at it. He enjoyed courtroom arguments, and was good at that, too. His suite mates viewed him as a liberal and a freethinker. Though he was a small, wiry man, he was so energetic that his friends were sometimes left awkwardly lumbering in his wake. He had a certain charisma, especially in court. But he could also be abrupt, even rude.
36 While my father built his law practice, he had another occupation—that of landlord. There was a desperate housing shortage in Chicago during the war and immediate postwar years. Real estate was a hot commodity. In 1943, my father “flipped” a building—that is, he bought it and then resold it one year later for a profit. 37 There was money to be made in real estate, but the experience convinced him that he didn’t want to be a speculator. Instead, he would acquire a few buildings, keep them well maintained, and charge reasonable rents.
Family Properties: Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America by Beryl Satter