By John A. Bissonette, Patricia Catherine Cramer, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
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66 The members and friends of the Transportation Research Board’s Task Force on Ecology and Transportation were also invited to participate in the survey. The initial 497 invited participants were encouraged to pass the survey on to peers in their agencies and professions who had knowledge that would assist them in ranking these priorities. This encouragement led to a snowball sample of a much larger population of unknown size. Delivering the Survey The potential survey participants were notified of the forthcoming survey during the last 3 days in March 2006.
These statements call for a plan of action. In Appendix A, the background and the next steps for these and all priorities are described. Priorities for research presented a greater challenge for consensus of opinion and were not as consistently rated by survey participants. In general, the top three research priorities were among the top five research priorities by all categories of participants. The top three most consistently highly rated research priorities for North America are: 29 1. To better understand the dynamics of animal use of mitigation structures (such as what works and what does not) and disseminate this information; 2.
Fish and Wildlife Service in the United States is involved in planning and placing wildlife crossings as the awareness of the needs of federally listed endangered and sensitive species of wildlife and plants grows. The FHWA has also become more involved in the creation of mitigation measures and urges their design early in the planning process. S. Forest Service, became involved in determining the need for and placement of wildlife crossings. This increased federal involvement has happened in Canada as well, with Parks Canada largely responsible for the installation of 24 wildlife crossings under and over the Trans-Canada Highway.
Evaluation of the use and effectiveness of wildlife crossings by John A. Bissonette, Patricia Catherine Cramer, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials