By Alexander Crummell
A big 19th-century reformer and highbrow, Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) used to be the 1st black American to obtain a level from Cambridge college. Upon commencement, he sailed to Liberia, the place from 1853 to 1872 he labored as a farmer, educator, small enterprise operator, and Episcopal missionary. Returning to the United States in 1873, he verified St. Luke's Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C., serving as its pastor until eventually 1894. Crummell remained lively within the black neighborhood all through his later years and in 1897 based the yank Negro Academy, which he meant as a problem to the facility of Booker T. Washington's accommodationist philosophy. all through his lengthy existence, Crummell was once a prolific, occasionally arguable, and sometimes acerbic author. His pioneering paintings on black nationalism, black self-determination, and Pan-Americanism prompted many African-American leaders of his day, together with W.E.B. Du Bois, who dedicated a bankruptcy to Crummell in "The Souls of Black Folk". Crummell's surviving papers contain over four hundred sermons and political essays and a voluminous correspondence. regardless of his significance to American and African-American background, Crummell is little identified this day. apart from the facsimile reprints of 2 of his books within the Nineteen Sixties, there were no sleek printings of his paintings. This quantity is meant to revive Crummell's voice and to advised a reevaluation of his writings.
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Additional info for Destiny and Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898
See discussion in Moses, Alexander Crummell, pp. 21720, 299. Page 17 the black masses could be effected only if the traditional, patriarchal, middle-class American family ideal could be replicated in black American social structure. 10 "The Assassination of President Garfield" (1881); the untitled sermon "The Negro as a Source of Conservative Power" (undated); the untitled sermon "The Discipline of Freedom" (undated); and "The Social Principle among a People" (1875). These four addresses outline the conservative, collectivist, and authoritarian bases of Crummell's political philosophy.
Cromwell. In this piece Crummell appeared as a strong advocate of education in the trades, a position that he had supported since his days as principal in an agricultural school in Cape Palmas, Liberia. Although Crummell never opposed classical or literary education, he often commented on the irony of the fact that those who pursued the highest educational goals were often confined to menial occupations. Crummell's position was assailed by his respected friend and colleague Rev. Francis J. 8 "The Black Woman of the South: Her Neglects and Her Needs" (1883).
23. C. 26. " Crummell provided no title and no date for this sermon on Luke 9:62. C. 234. " Crummell provided no title for this sermon on Matthew 24:30, delivered first on 17 December 1854. C. 340. " This is an extract from an untitled undated sermon on Psalms 51:5; Job 15:15; and Romans 7:24. The Schomburg Calendar lists it as "Human Nature" but in the handwritten list, "Manuscripts of Dr. C. 111. " This is an extract from an untitled sermon on Ephesians 4:2021, dated 12 October 1890. C. 310. " Crummell delivered this sermon in England, on 31 May 1848, giving it a title after its text, "No Man Cared for My Soul" (Psalms 142:4).
Destiny and Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898 by Alexander Crummell