Download PDF by Leonardo Avritzer: Democracy and the Public Space in Latin America

By Leonardo Avritzer

ISBN-10: 0691090874

ISBN-13: 9780691090870

ISBN-10: 0691090882

ISBN-13: 9780691090887

ISBN-10: 1400814154

ISBN-13: 9781400814152

ISBN-10: 1400825016

ISBN-13: 9781400825011

This can be a daring new examine of the new emergence of democracy in Latin the USA. Leonardo Avritzer exhibits that conventional theories of democratization fall brief in explaining this phenomenon. students have lengthy held that the postwar balance of Western Europe finds that limited democracy, or "democratic elitism," is the single practical method to shield opposed to forces similar to the mass mobilizations that toppled ecu democracies after international struggle I. Avritzer demanding situations this view. Drawing at the principles of J?rgen Habermas, he argues that democracy could be way more inclusive and will depend upon a sphere of independent organization and argument by way of voters. He makes this argument by means of exhibiting that democratic collective motion has unfolded a brand new "public area" for renowned participation in Latin American politics.Unlike many theorists, Avritzer builds his case empirically. He appears to be like at human rights hobbies in Argentina and Brazil, local institutions in Brazil and Mexico, and election-monitoring projects in Mexico. Contending that such participation has no longer long past a ways adequate, he proposes how to contain electorate much more without delay in coverage judgements. for instance, he issues to experiments in "participatory budgeting" in Brazilian towns. finally, the idea that of this kind of area past the achieve of kingdom management fosters a broader view of democratic probability, of the cultural transformation that spurred it, and of the tensions that persist, in a quarter the place democracy is either new and diversified from the outdated international types.

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On the one hand, it breaks with the democratic elitist assumption that mass mobilization is anti-democratic by noting that collective action might strengthen democratic values. On the other hand, it still conceives mass mobilization within the broader framework of an elite-masses relationship: mass mobilizations do not play a democratizing role per se, but rather an adjuvant role in the internal process of negotiation among elites. 14 The first two critiques taken together show the limits of an approach based on the differentiation between masses and elites.

This formulation of building democracy encompasses a different arrival point: the search for institutional designs capable of bringing new forms of participation that emerged at the associational level into the democratic arena (Cohen and Rogers, 1995). In the next chapter I present a framework for developing a theory of democratization based on the construction of what I call participatory publics. CHAPTER TWO Democratic Theory and the Formation of a Public Sphere Transition theory’s inability to explain processes of democratization due to the inadequate assumptions it derives from the democratic elitist tradition points to the need to look to other traditions within social theory.

This problem became central in the discussion of the nature of new Latin American democracies. The third wave of democratization that began in southern Europe in the mid-1970s reached South America in the early 1980s, leading to the restoration of political competition and elections in most of the countries in the region (Huntington, 1991; O’Donnell, 1996). Very few Latin American countries did not make some form of transition to a competitive electoral system during the third democratic wave; even the octogenarian Mexican authoritarian regime moved in this direction, which led to the electoral defeat of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) in the 2000 elections (Olvera, 1995, 2000).

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Democracy and the Public Space in Latin America by Leonardo Avritzer

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