By Elisabeth Feist Hirsch
Scholars have given fairly little cognizance to sixteenth-century Portuguese humanism, even though Portugal's very important impression at the humanistic thirst for studying has been quite simply stated. via her heroic explorations of far away lands and unsafe sea routes, Portugal contaminated many humanists with the buzz of discovery, none greater than Damiao de Gois, Portuguese scholar of background. Gois, even supposing normally little identified, was once - in his existence and eventually as a sufferer of the Inquisition in Portugal - completely consultant of the process sixteenth-century Erasmian humanism in Portugal; additionally he merits popularity in his personal correct as a contributor to trendy historiography. Portugal's explorations and the ambience of ardour for discovery that prevailed in Lisbon had as robust a power on Gois in the course of his early years as that of the college of Erasmus, the "prince of humanists" who was once finally to develop into his own good friend and consultant. Gois's nice chronicles of the Portuguese kings John II and Ma nuel I culminated a lifestyles spent as diplomat, composer, artwork collector, articulate pleader for spiritual tolerance, and scrupulous scholar of background. A genuine record of Gois's existence - normally outlines exact yet now not entire - exists in Portuguese, and a quick resume of his existence has been released in English, yet to date no complete research has been on hand in any language.
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Additional info for Damião de Gois: The Life and Thought of a Portuguese Humanist, 1502–1574
Arias Montano composed thewell-knowninscription under the Galle portrait praising Gois as the historian of Ethiopia. (See below, ch. 9). Vasconcellos believed that the portrait in the Albertina was a DUrer and represented Gois. See Joaquim de Vasconcellos, Albrecht Diirer e a sua influencia na peninsula, (Coimbra 1929) pp. 164-170 and Lusitania vol. I (Lisbon 1924) pp. 315-319. This is also quoted in Marcel Bataillon, Ie cosmopolitisme de Damiao de G6is op. cit. p. 164 note I. Ifitwere certain thatGois came to Antwerp in 1521, when King Manuel actually appointed him to an important position in Belgium, the "scriban" whom DUrer portrayed and who is mentioned in Diirer's Diary could be Gois.
Cit. p. ~78. as See Chronicle M. IV, 10, p. 27 where Gois mentioned his visits to Poland and Russia and praises the peoples' friendly manners. " In Poetry (Bibliography, no. 29) and Andre de Resende, "Nobili Damiano Goi," ibid• .. Grapheus had this to say about Gois's trip: "Venisti, Damiane amice, tandemJVenisti, nimium usque et usque et usqueJExpectate tuis ... JNimirum Scythicasque GothicasqueJTu totus lepor elegantiaequeJ ... " On Grapheus more will be said in the next chapter. Resende had this to say "Inter tot populos qui neque numinaJDivorum metuunt, caede nee abstinentJ Atroces animos bilis ubi impulitJEt ferri furor impotens".
Although he was an orthodox Catholic and ultimately became bishop of Ermland where he suppressed Protestant preachers, he was not altogether inimical to the reform. He was a typical Erasmian from the beginning of his career as Polish ambassador at the court of Charles V and remained so to his end. A fulllength biography by Mrs. Muller-Blessing should soon appear in print; Mrs. Muller was kind enough to let me read her biography in manuscript form. For a discussion of Dantiscus' religious views see Dr.
Damião de Gois: The Life and Thought of a Portuguese Humanist, 1502–1574 by Elisabeth Feist Hirsch