By Andy Budd, Emil Björklund (auth.)
Fully up to date to the newest CSS modules, make the adventure to CSS mastery as basic and painless as attainable. This booklet dives into complicated facets of CSS-based layout, resembling responsive layout, modular CSS, and CSS typography. via a chain of easy-to-follow tutorials, you are going to study functional CSS ideas you could instantly commence utilizing on your day-by-day paintings.
CSS Mastery: complicated internet criteria Solutions is your critical consultant to state of the art CSS development—this booklet demystifies the secrets and techniques of CSS. whereas CSS is a comparatively basic know-how to benefit, it's a tricky one to grasp. should you first begin constructing websites utilizing CSS, you'll come upon every kind of infuriating browser insects and inconsistencies. It occasionally appears like there are 1000000 and one diversified innovations to grasp, unfold throughout a bewildering array of sites. the variety of percentages turns out never-ending and makes for a steep and daunting studying curve.
While such a lot books pay attention to simple talents, this one is diversified, assuming that you simply already understand the fundamentals and why try to be utilizing CSS on your paintings, and concentrating regularly on complex thoughts. This re-creation covers the entire CSS basics similar to the significance of significant markup, how one can constitution and preserve your code, and the way the CSS format version particularly works.
This new version contains:
- New examples and up to date browser help info
- Full assurance of modular CSS and responsive layout
- Essential details on CSS typography and format keep watch over
What you will Learn
- The top perform recommendations in CSS layout
- The most crucial (and difficult) components of CSS
- Identify and fasten the most typical CSS difficulties
- How to accommodate the most typical insects
- Completely brand new browser help details
- The most modern details on CSS good points and help
Who This booklet Is For
CSS Mastery is geared toward intermediate and complex net designers and builders. It deals a short recap of the details of CSS, whereas dispelling a few universal myths, yet then strikes ahead to delve into the higher-level elements of CSS. It includes absolutely up to date info all through, and acts as a one-stop-shop for present CSS most sensible practices.
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Additional info for CSS Mastery
Figure 2-4. A table where the rows are styled using :nth-child(3n+4). The expression is evaluated with n as a number, starting with 0 and then increasing by 1 as long as there are matches You can do all sorts of crazy stuff with these expressions. For example, instead of adding a number, you could subtract a number—so we could do :nth-child(3n-4) and get a different result. The same goes for the number before the n, or n itself—changing that to negative can give you some interesting results. For example, the expression :nth-child(-n+3) would select only the first three elements!
Caution Be careful when using pseudo-elements to inject content! Don’t use them for adding any form of text content that your users couldn’t do without, in case your CSS doesn’t load correctly. Also be aware that screen readers don’t have a standard way to interpret the content of pseudo-elements: some ignore it, others read it. Putting these pseudo-elements together into an example can give us something like Figure 2-3 with a minimum of markup. 22 CHAPTER 2 ■ GETTING YOUR STYLES TO HIT THE TARGET Figure 2-3.
There are some important differences between ID and class attributes when used for styling, but the most applicable at this point is that a single ID name can be applied to only one element on a page. This means it can’t be used as easily to define a reusable “template” for a module such as our product-list. If we had used an ID attribute, we wouldn’t be able to reuse product-list more than once per page. We prefer to use an ID attribute to identify a single instance of a particular module. For example, one instance of our product-list module might appear as follows:
This is another instance of our product-list that picks up its styles due to the class attribute, but here it has also been defined as the primary product-list.
CSS Mastery by Andy Budd, Emil Björklund (auth.)