By Jens Rydström, Kati Mustola
This booklet offers a coherent background of legal legislation and homosexuality in Scandinavia from 1842 to 1999, a interval in which same-sex love was once outlawed or topic to serious criminal regulations within the Scandinavian penal codes. This used to be the case in such a lot international locations in Northern Europe, however the ebook argues that the advance in Scandinavia was once diversified, partially decided via the constitution of the welfare country. 5 skilled students of the historical past of homosexuality describe how same-sex hope has been regulated of their respective nations up to now one hundred sixty years. With backgrounds in heritage, sociology, and gender experiences, the members symbolize an interdisciplinary strategy. Their contributions current for the 1st time a entire background of homosexuality in Scandinavia. between different issues, it contains the main large research but written in any language approximately Iceland's homosexual and lesbian historical past. additionally for the 1st time, the e-book discusses intimately same-sex sexuality among ladies. girl homosexuality used to be outlawed in jap Scandinavia, yet now not within the Western components of this quarter. It additionally analyzes the fashionable tendency to incorporate lesbian girls within the legal element of the medicalization of homosexuality and the turning out to be impact of clinical discourse at the legislations. Jens Rydstrm is lecturer in historical past, quite gender historical past, at Stockholm collage (Sweden) and the writer of Sinners and voters: Bestiality and Homosexuality in Sweden, 18801950. he's presently engaged on the heritage of legislation on registered partnership within the Nordic nations. Kati Mustola is a examine fellow on the division of Sociology of the college of Helsinki (Finland). She is presently eager about examine at the state of affairs of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender humans within the office. She additionally focuses on Finnish lesbian and homosexual heritage. She has edited a number of books in lesbian and homosexual reports and for a few years was once answerable for the instructing of lesbian reviews on the Christina Institute for Women's stories on the collage of Helsinki.
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Extra resources for Criminally queer: homosexuality and criminal law in Scandinavia, 1842-1999
Even if taking the legislative steps has varied temporally a decade or more between individual countries, the overall development shows strong parallels, and the contents of the laws adopted and repealed are also very similar. In this respect, Scandinavia is linked to a wider Northern European development. The adoption of laws on higher ages of consent for homosexual relations was the result of a prevalent fear that perverted adults could corrupt young people through seduction. And the inclusion of women in legal discourse was the effect of a medicalized understanding of homosexuality and the endorsement of the “third-sex” model in legislative reforms.
The age limit was extended to 21 years if the advantage of age and experience was misused to seduce a same-sex partner. Similar provisions against homosexual seduction of young adults in dependent positions were later adopted in Iceland, Sweden, and Finland. When Iceland introduced its new penal code in 1940, it was basically a translation of the new Danish code. As a result, lesbian sexuality was formally subject to a higher age of consent, though it does not seem that any women were ever prosecuted under that law in Iceland.
Iceland 1885–1992 ≥ 16 years 0,11 Sweden 1880–1977 ≥ 15 years 0,00 0,01 0,03 0,08 0,06 0,20 0,89 .. 0,10 0,06 Finland 1901–1999 ≥ 18 years 0,01 0,04 0,03 0,12 0,27 1,09 0,85 0,21 0,00 0,01 0,00 Sources: Criminal statistics and court records (see note to table 1). Note: The values from Norway are excluded since no separate age limit for same-sex sexuality was ever imposed there. The figures from Iceland are approximate. it comes to the total number of convictions for same-sex sexual acts.
Criminally queer: homosexuality and criminal law in Scandinavia, 1842-1999 by Jens Rydström, Kati Mustola