By Martin G. Richards
Ken Livingstone was once elected Mayor of London on a platform that incorporated a congestion cost for relevant London, a coverage that turned truth on 17 February 2003. Richards makes use of his adventure as Director of a bliog?2.5 million executive congestion charging learn, as a kind of who created the scheme Livingstone followed and as consultant to the London meeting, to supply a serious list of the creation of the London Congestion cost, and of its implications for congestion charging somewhere else.
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In doing so, it is relevant to note that while prevailing tax and excise duties might be sufﬁcient, on average, to cover those costs, their nature is such that some road users will be paying very much less than the costs they impose on the community and provider, while others will be paying very much more. Even if one were to ignore community and operator costs, the basic rationale still applies, since congestion charging is about the cost each (additional) vehicle imposes on others already on the road.
Through changing the way we pay for road use’ (CfIT, 2002b). In 2002 the RAC Foundation also published a study in which they looked at transport policy options over the next 50 years (RAC Foundation, 2002). They forecast a 50 per cent growth in total car kms between 2001 and 2031, without restraints. However, with no additional highway capacity or restraint measures, congestion would reduce growth to 30 per cent with average journey times increasing by 20 per cent. They concluded that if the rate of expenditure on roads provided for in the Government’s Ten-Year Transport Plan (DETR, 2000) continued until 2050, motoring costs would have to increase each year by 4 per cent, in real terms, in order to contain congestion to existing levels.
Why Charge? 25 DTLR (2001). Key Transport Facts 1980–1999, London: Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions. DTp (1995). The London Congestion Charging Research Programme: Final Report, London: Department of Transport, HMSO. ) Dupuit, J. (1844). Public Works and the Consumer. Reprinted in Mumby (1968). Friedman, M. and D. Boorstin (1996). ‘How to plan and pay for safe and adequate highways we need’, in Roth (1996). Glaister, S. and D. Graham (2003). Transport Pricing and Investment in England, Southampton: The Independent Commission for Transport, University of Southampton.
Congestion Charging in London: The Policy and the Politics by Martin G. Richards