By Hugh Davis Graham
While the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 have been handed, they have been visible as triumphs of liberal reform applauded by way of nearly all of american citizens. yet this present day, as Hugh Graham exhibits in Collision path, affirmative motion is foundering within the nice waves of immigration from Asia and Latin the USA, resulting in direct clash for jobs, housing, schooling, and govt choice courses. How did such well-intended legislation come to loggerheads? Graham argues sea switch happened in American political existence within the past due Nineteen Sixties, whilst a approach of break up government--one social gathering retaining the White condo, the opposite protecting Congress--divided authority and greater the facility of curiosity teams to win increased merits. In civil rights, this resulted in a shift from nondiscrimination to the race-conscious treatments of not easy affirmative motion. In immigration, it ended in a surge that through 2000 had introduced 35 million immigrants to the US, 26 million of them Asian or Latin American and as a result eligible, as "official minorities," for affirmative motion personal tastes. The rules collided while employers, appearing lower than affirmative motion plans, employed thousands of immigrants whereas leaving excessive unemployment between inner-city blacks. Affirmative motion for immigrants stirred large resentment and drew new realization to coverage contradictions. Graham sees a bothered destiny for either courses. because the financial system weakens and antiterrorist border controls tighten, the contest for jobs will accentuate strain on affirmative motion and invite new regulations on immigration. Graham's insightful interpretation of the unintentional results of those regulations is unique and arguable. a quick, centred, and even-handed narrative, it illuminates a few of the concerns that vex the USA this day.
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Extra resources for Collision Course: The Strange Convergence of Affirmative Action and Immigration Policy in America
The great immigration debates of the 1920s, however, were about Euro peans, not Asians or Africans. In the post-1960s context of racial contro versy, race has centered chiefly on the black/white dyad, reflecting the African-American status as the descendants of slaves and the primary ben eficiaries of race-conscious affirmative action programs, and secondarily on modern Latino or "brown" demands for protected class status and affir mative action benefits. But the racial debates of the 1920s concerned Cau casians (national origins quotas) and Asians (excluded), not blacks and browns.
Is the Constitution Color-Blind? The success of the civil rights laws in rapidly dismantling the South's racial caste system was due primarily to the clarity and force of Washington's new command to stop discriminating on account of race. S. Supreme Court, in his lonely dissent in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. " In 1954 the New York Times greeted Chief Justice Earl Warren's ruling against school segregation in Brown v. "30 Not surprisingly, blacks protesting against segregation had historically rallied to Justice Harlan's claim in Plessy that the Fourteenth Amendment's Civil Rights Reform in the 1960s 27 guarantee of equal protection of the law made the Constitution color-blind.
The Movement" had rallied the liberal coalition to a 22 Collision Course great moral crusade against Jim Crow oppression in the South, in the process mobilizing national church organizations in solidarity with many southern black church leaders. 20 The Triumph of Liberal Civil Rights Reform The combination, in the early 1960s, of a robust economy, televised police violence against southern civil rights demonstrators, the martyrdom of President Kennedy in November 1963, the determined leadership of Pres ident Johnson, and Republican willingness to cooperate and compromise under the leadership of Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen of Illinois, produced a reform drive in Congress strong enough to overwhelm a south ern filibuster and pass the Civil Rights Act in the summer of 1964.
Collision Course: The Strange Convergence of Affirmative Action and Immigration Policy in America by Hugh Davis Graham