By Gary May
Whilst the 15th modification of 1870 granted African american citizens the suitable to vote, it appeared as though a brand new period of political equality was once handy. ahead of lengthy, in spite of the fact that, white segregationists around the South counterattacked, using their black countrymen from the polls via a mixture of sheer terror and insidious units corresponding to complicated literacy exams and costly ballot taxes. so much African american citizens might stay unvoiced for almost a century extra, voters in identify merely till the passage of the 1965 balloting Rights Act secured their entry to the ballot.
In Bending towards Justice, celebrated historian Gary may well describes how black electorate overcame centuries of bigotry to safe and defend one in all their most crucial rights as americans. The fight that culminated within the passage of the balloting Rights Act used to be lengthy and torturous, and purely succeeded due to the brave paintings of neighborhood freedom combatants and nationwide civil rights leaders—as good as, sarcastically, the competition of Southern segregationists and police officers, who gained public sympathy for the vote casting rights circulation through brutally attacking peaceable demonstrators. yet whereas the vote casting Rights Act represented an unqualified victory over such forces of hate, could explains that its achievements stay in jeopardy. Many argue that the 2008 election of President Barack Obama rendered the act out of date, but contemporary years have visible renewed efforts to diminish vote casting rights and deny minorities the act’s hard-won protections. felony demanding situations to key sections of the act may possibly quickly lead the ideally suited court docket to claim these protections unconstitutional.
A vibrant, fast moving background of this landmark piece of civil rights laws, Bending towards Justice bargains a dramatic, well timed account of the fight that eventually gained African american citizens the ballot—although, as may well exhibits, the struggle for vote casting rights is not at all over.
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Additional info for Bending Toward Justice: The Voting Rights Act and the Transformation of American Democracy
Many of the wealthier Bartians, and those who aspired to be, belonged to the Hillcrest Country Club, southeast of town, where golfing was a popular pastime and appropriate evening wear was required. On the opposite side, in the 300 block, are the YMCA and the YWCA. Courtesy Archives, Phillips Petroleum Company. There Boots Adams and his second wife, Dorothy Glynn, reigned. Four theaters and one drive-in lured moviegoers. The Phillips 66ers, the company's semiprofessional basketball team (where Adams got his start in the company), usually put on an impressive winning display.
Page 26 The Bartlesville Civic Center, showing the north wing area occupied by the Bartlesville Public Library, early 1950s. Courtesy Archives, Phillips Petroleum Company. When the city agreed to give the library space in the newly constructed Civic Center, Frank Phillips agreed to contribute $5,000 for furnishings. The Bartlesville Public Library opened in the north wing of the Civic Center at 103 East Sixth, on the corner of Johnstone Avenue, just three blocks from the central business district, in 1928.
They and their families frequented the Bartlesville Public Library and engaged in lively conversations with its librarian, Ruth W. Brown, a voracious reader and unconventional thinker. 31 The Library The Bartlesville Public Library, serving the city of approximately twenty thousand, developed in much the same way as libraries in other communities across the United States. 32 Started in 1898 by a Bartlesville women's group as a part of the effort to civilize the oil boomtown, by 1908 the downtown reading room, known as the Tuesday Club Public Library, was open for several hours on Friday afternoons.
Bending Toward Justice: The Voting Rights Act and the Transformation of American Democracy by Gary May