By Donald E. Thrall DVM PhD DACVR, Ian D. Robertson BVSc DACVR
Equip your self to make actual diagnoses and attain winning therapy results with this hugely visible complete atlas. that includes a considerable variety of new excessive distinction photographs, Atlas of ordinary Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic variations within the puppy and Cat, 2d variation provides an in-depth examine either common and non-standard matters in addition to demonstrations of right procedure and picture interpretations. specialist authors Donald E. Thrall and Ian D. Robertson describe a much wider diversity of "normal" compared to competing books — not just displaying normal canine and cats, but additionally non-standard matters comparable to obese and underweight pets and animals with breed-specific adaptations. all people half is positioned into context with a textual description to aid clarify why a constitution looks because it does in radiographs, and allowing practitioners to understand adaptations of standard that aren't integrated, in accordance with an knowing of easy radiographic principles.
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Equip your self to make actual diagnoses and accomplish winning therapy results with this hugely visible entire atlas. that includes a considerable variety of new excessive distinction photographs, Atlas of ordinary Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic editions within the puppy and Cat, second variation offers an in-depth examine either general and non-standard matters besides demonstrations of right strategy and picture interpretations.
Extra info for Atlas of Normal Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic Variants in the Dog and Cat, 2e
Epiphysis. When vertebral physes are open, the ventral aspect of the vertebra has an irregular, jagged margin (Figure 3-5). CERVICAL SPINE There are seven cervical vertebrae, and the variation in size and shape of individual cervical vertebrae is greater than in any other spinal region. The first cervical vertebra, the atlas, articulates with the occipital condyles at the atlanto-occipital articulation. There is no intervertebral disc between the occipital condyles and the atlas. The atlanto-occipital articulation provides for flexion and extension but not lateral or rotary movement; thus, this joint has been referred to as the yes joint.
Suboptimally positioned lateral views can give the false impression of soft palate thickening. The soft palate lying in the dorsal Figure 2-14. Intraoral radiograph of the maxilla of an 8-monthold mixed breed dog. Radiographic film in a slim vinyl cassette containing standard intensifying screens has been placed diagonally in the mouth and a dorsoventral image acquired. The mandible will not be included in a radiograph made in this fashion, allowing an unobstructed view of the nasal cavity. Most nasal cavity disorders are unilateral, and side-to-side comparison is readily possible in this view.
Figure 3-2. Diagram illustrating the effect of divergence of the x-ray beam on radiographic disc space width. The gray shaded area represents the diverging x-ray beam. The dotted lines represent x-ray photons that will strike four adjacent intervertebral disc spaces. The vertical photon will pass through the central disc space, and the image of the disc space will be representative of the actual size of the disc space. Farther peripherally, to the reader’s left, the photon becomes more angled with reference to the disc space, which leads to an image of the disc space that is narrower than its actual width and not representative of the true size of the disc space.
Atlas of Normal Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic Variants in the Dog and Cat, 2e by Donald E. Thrall DVM PhD DACVR, Ian D. Robertson BVSc DACVR