By Andrea Falcon
An entire examine of the remainder facts for Xenarchus of Seleucia, one of many earliest interpreters of Aristotle. Andrea Falcon locations the facts in its context, the revival of curiosity in Aristotle's philosophy that happened within the first century BCE. Xenarchus is frequently awarded as a insurgent, hard Aristotle and the Aristotelian culture. This booklet argues that there's extra to Xenarchus and his philosophical task than an competition to Aristotle; he was once an inventive thinker, and his perspectives are top understood as an try and revise and replace Aristotle's philosophy. by means of taking a look at how Xenarchus negotiated diverse points of Aristotle's philosophy, this e-book highlights components of rupture in addition to strands of continuity in the Aristotelian culture.
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Additional info for Aristotelianism in the First Century BCE: Xenarchus of Seleucia
75 For the time being, I am content to make two points. First, by adapting Aristotle’s doctrine of natural motion, Xenarchus was able to argue that fire that is fully realized and non-stationary fire could account for the mobility of the heavens. Second, there is no immediately obvious objection that can be raised on behalf of Aristotle against Xenarchus. This only makes the task of finding out what motivated Aristotle to posit the existence of a special celestial body more pressing. In other words, what is the introduction of a fifth body needed for, if it is not needed to explain the mobility of the heavens?
85 Xenarchus complained that the definition of absolute lightness as “that which rises to the surface of everything” does not apply to the fire that we encounter on earth, but only to fire that has reached its natural place [T11]. I have already suggested that Xenarchus exploited the ambiguity of the Greek verb epipolazein. He employed this verb in its static meaning, to the exclusion of its dynamic meaning. The objection advanced in [T11] can be illuminated by appealing to the theory of natural motion I have ascribed to Xenarchus.
This nature, because it is simple, cannot account for the difference in speed displayed by different parts of the whole. [T7] gives voice to a worry that many, if not most, readers of the De caelo have shared. The thesis that there are but two simple motions seems to depend on a mathematical truth about simple lines. The use of a principle about mathematical lines in the context of a physical theory would be highly problematic for Aristotle. It would amount to an overt violation of his commitment to the appropriateness of the principles one uses in doing science.
Aristotelianism in the First Century BCE: Xenarchus of Seleucia by Andrea Falcon