Download e-book for iPad: Application of fuzzy logic to social choice theory by John N. Mordeson

By John N. Mordeson

ISBN-10: 1482250993

ISBN-13: 9781482250992

Fuzzy social selection conception comes in handy for modeling the uncertainty and imprecision widespread in social existence but it's been scarcely utilized and studied within the social sciences. Filling this hole, Application of Fuzzy good judgment to Social selection Theory offers a entire examine of fuzzy social selection theory.

The publication explains the idea that of a fuzzy maximal subset of a collection of possible choices, fuzzy selection capabilities, the factorization of a fuzzy choice relation into the "union" (conorm) of a strict fuzzy relation and an indifference operator, fuzzy non-Arrowian effects, fuzzy types of Arrow’s theorem, and Black’s median voter theorem for fuzzy personal tastes. It examines how unambiguous and detailed offerings are generated through fuzzy personal tastes and no matter if precise offerings prompted by means of fuzzy personal tastes fulfill definite believable rationality family members. The authors additionally expand recognized Arrowian effects related to fuzzy set idea to effects related to intuitionistic fuzzy units in addition to the Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem to the case of fuzzy vulnerable choice kin. the ultimate bankruptcy discusses Georgescu’s measure of similarity of 2 fuzzy selection functions.

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Then there exists µ ∈ B such that G(µ, ρ)(x) = 0 for all x ∈ X. Let x1 ∈ X be such that µ(x1 ) = 0. Then µ(x1 ) ∧ (∧{µ(y) → ρ(x1 , y) | y ∈ X}) = G(µ, ρ)(x1 ) = 0. Since µ(x1 ) = 0 and X is finite, there exists x1 ∈ X such that 0 = µ(x1 ) → ρ(x1 , x1 ) = 1 if µ(x1 ) ≤ ρ(x1 , x1 ) ρ(x1 , x1 ) if µ(x1 ) > ρ(x1 , x1 ). Hence it follows that ρ(x1 , x1 ) = 0 and µ(x1 ) > 0. Since ρ is reflexive, x1 = x1 . Let y1 = x1 and y2 = x1 . By applying the same argument to y2 , there exists ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ “K23798” — 2015/2/2 — ✐ 40 ✐ 2.

Let T = {x ∈ S | w ∈ S, ρ(w, x) > ρ(x, w)}. Suppose x ∈ S\T. Then ∃w ∈ S such that ρ(w, x) > ρ(x, w). By our hypothesis, ρ(x, w) = 0. Thus MG (ρ, 1S )(x) = 0. Hence MG (ρ, 1S ) = 1T . The next result says that if a fuzzy choice function C when restricted to crisp sets S yields a crisp subset of S and if C is rationalizable with respect to ρ in FR(X), then ρ is also crisp. 3 Let C be a fuzzy choice function on X such that ∀S ∈ P ∗ (X), C(1S ) = 1T for some nonempty T ⊆ S. Suppose that there exists ρ ∈ FR(X) such that C(1S ) = MG (ρ, 1S ) ∀S ∈ P ∗ (X).

Thus Supp(C(1S ) ⊆ Supp(C(1T )). We note that if S, T ∈ P ∗ (X) are such that S ⊆ T and if C is rationalized for characteristic functions, then C(1T )|S ⊆ C(1S ) on S. Hence if C(1S ) ⊆ C(1T ), then C(1T )|S = C(1S ) on S. 27 Let C be a fuzzy choice function on X that is resolute. If C satisfies condition α, then C is rationalizable for characteristic functions in SC . ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ “K23798” — 2015/2/2 — ✐ 36 ✐ 2. Fuzzy Choice Functions Proof. Since C is resolute, C satisfies condition β. The next two conditions each identify choice functions admitting transitive rationalizations.

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Application of fuzzy logic to social choice theory by John N. Mordeson

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