By Professor Panayiotis Tzamalikos
This ebook offers a ground-breaking exposition of Anaxagoras' legacy to Classical and past due Antiquity, seriously assessing Aristotle's distorted illustration of Anaxagoras. Origen, previously a Greek thinker of observe, is positioned within the heritage of philosophy for the 1st time. via drawing on his Anaxagorean heritage, and being the 1st to restore the Anaxagorean idea of Logoi, Origen cleared the path to Nicaea.
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Plotinus, loc. : Ὥσπερ δὲ ἐν λόγῳ τῷ ἐν σπέρματι ὁμοῦ πάντων καὶ ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ ὄντων. Alexander of Aphrodisias, commMetaph, pp. 699: αἰὼν γάρ ἐστιν ἡ ἑκάστῳ συμπαρεκτεινομένη ζωή. Cf. Origen, commEph, 9: ὁ μὲν οὖν τις ἁπλούστερον αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου ἡγήσεται τὸν συμπαρεκτεινόμενον χρόνον τῇ τούτου τοῦ κόσμου ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς μέχρι τέλους κατασκευῇ. 8‒9: τὸ γὰρ συμπαρεκτεινόμενον τῇ συστάσει τῆς ζωῆς αὐτοῦ, αἰῶνα ὠνόμασεν. Then, Gregory of Nazianzus followed suit: In Theophania (orat. 14‒18 & In Sanctum Pascha (orat.
Themistius, op. cit. p. 317c-d: καὶ ἐῶ τὸν Κλαζομένιον ᾿Aναξαγόραν καὶ ἐφ᾿ ὅσον οὗτος ἐνεωτέρισε, νοῦν καὶ θεὸν πρῶτος ἐπαγόμενος τῇ κοσμοποιίᾳ, καὶ οὐ πάντ᾿ ἀνάψας τῆς φύσεως τῶν σωμάτων. See infra, pp. 163‒262. Panayiotis Tzamalikos - 9783110420104 Downloaded from De Gruyter Online at 09/25/2016 09:34:22PM via Cambridge University Library Anaxagoras, ‘the first’ 19 Anaxagoras was generally reputed as the philosopher who cared to come up with an answer to the question of the creative cause of things.
See infra, pp. 59‒62; 76. Panayiotis Tzamalikos - 9783110420104 Downloaded from De Gruyter Online at 09/25/2016 09:34:22PM via Cambridge University Library 12 Introduction on this idea; also, that the idea of a ‘second God’ being ontologically not inferior was far too old in the Eastern lore, and that Damascius clearly suggested that the Plotinian ontological classification between the One and the Intellect was untenable after all. ¹⁶ Numenius spoke of ‘first’ and ‘second’ God, but he came far too late to be a source for Origen, indeed he never was.
Anaxagoras, Origen, and Neoplatonism: The Legacy of Anaxagoras to Classical and Late Antiquity by Professor Panayiotis Tzamalikos