By Kingsley Dennis
It really is tricky to visualize an international with out the auto, and but that's precisely what Dennis and Urry got down to do during this provocative new ebook. They argue that the times of the automobile are numbered: robust forces all over the world are undermining the automobile method and may bring in a brand new shipping approach someday within the following couple of a long time. particularly, the ebook examines how a number of significant approaches are shaping the way forward for how we go back and forth, including:
• international warming and its many worldwide consequences
• Peaking of oil supplies
• elevated digitisation of many points of financial and social life
• mammoth international inhabitants increases
The authors examine alterations in expertise, coverage, economic climate and society, and make a powerful argument for a destiny the place, via necessity, the current vehicle approach should be re-designed and re-engineered.
Yet the e-book additionally means that there are a few highly bleak dilemmas dealing with the 21st century. The authors lay out what they think about to be attainable ‘post-car’ destiny situations. those they describe as ‘local sustainability’, ‘regional warlordism’ and ‘digital networks of control’.
After The Car could be of serious curiosity to planners, coverage makers, social scientists, futurologists, these operating in undefined, in addition to normal readers.
Some have defined the twentieth Century because the century of the auto. Now that century has come to a detailed – and issues are approximately to change.
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Additional info for After the Car
Nothing, it was thought, should stand in the way of the car's modernizing path and its capacity to eliminate the constraints of time and physical space. And over the course of the twentieth century, this natu ralization of the car was reinforced through the notion that urban environments should be auto-monopolized. The car system is a way of life and not just a means of transport from one place to another. Its distinct characteristics make i t :)u A F T E H T H E GAR unlike any previous system of movement.
13 Modernity, as in the railroad and now the car, should thus be noisy! Ransom Olds, who had built his fi rst steam-powered auto mobile in 1 886, switched to internal combustion to compete with the European models and began l arge-scale produc tion line manufacturing in 1 902. This was then famously expanded upon by Henry Ford as he developed and intro duced the car assembly line in 1 9 1 3 . The early 1 900s thus saw a shift in automobile production from Europe to US. The petrol system came to be established and 'locked in', with the first model T appearing as early as 1 908, more or less as the futurist Marinetti was proclaiming the new 'beauty of speed'.
43 The costs of the car, then, go beyond the financial as they A FT E H T H E G A H generate multiple social costs for people, habits/lifestyles and the environment. The twentieth century development of 'civilized' automobility has inflicted many costs upon the social world. According to the former (if sexist) Mayor of Curitiba, Jaime Lerner, cars are our 'mechanical mothers in-law', in that 'You have to have a good relationship with your mother-in-law, but you cannot allow her to conduct your life'.
After the Car by Kingsley Dennis