By Keith W. Waldron
This booklet presents a finished and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion procedures utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the e-book studies advancements in biorefining procedures, by way of a evaluate of alternative kinds of biorefinery platform. the second one half the e-book discusses the wide variety of extra worth items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
Read or Download Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation PDF
Similar waste management books
Applies specified wisdom towards the layout and building of underground civil works tasks. Develops severe talents for handling possibility and designing trustworthy fuel keep watch over measures inside of undertaking time and price constraints.
Tailings and Mine Waste ’08 comprises papers from the 12th annual Tailings and Mine Waste convention, held through Colorado nation collage of fortress Collins, Colorado. the aim of this sequence of meetings is to supply a discussion board for dialogue and institution of discussion between everybody within the mining and environmental neighborhood relating to tailings and mine waste.
A delicately selected and edited number of 23 papers from the Ecotextile 2004 convention held on the collage of Bolton, this e-book explores recycling and use of waste as uncooked fabrics in such parts as garments and carpet manufacture. The papers talk about sustainability and eco-design with themes on enhanced layout, use of sustainable fibers, and production concepts.
Additional info for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
Wheat straw is a major by-product of the agricultural sector. 7 million tonnes in 2007. In the context of the UK Government’s new targets on biomass generated heat and power (5% by 2020) (HM Government, 2009), wheat straw represents a good choice of feedstock for combustion for heat and power generation. However, available valuable chemical functionalities should be recovered before any thermo- or biochemical processes are applied to wheat straw for conversion to energy. Two valorization routes have been demonstrated (see Fig.
Ionic liquids are used in phase transfer catalysis for example (Welton, 2004), but their non-emissions are counteracted by their toxicity and their environmental impact when prepared, used and separated for end-use. Biodegradability is an important sought-after characteristic for ‘greener’ products, but increasing the life-time of a molecule to promote its re-use could be another strategy. , the solvent dichloromethane). But we must not bundle all halogenated compounds in the same ‘red’ basket.
1990). , 2012). Biochemical and thermochemical processes complement each other well, the former being very selective but slow compared to the latter. , 2011). Processing times and space-time yields are high compared to thermochemical processes, but they are less energy intensive (Kamm and Kamm, 2004). , 2011). Biomass with a high acid, alkali metal and water content can be difficult to use in conventional thermal treatments: the high water content can render pyrolysis or gasification processes very difficult and the acidity of the feedstock can limit the applications of the pyrolysis oil obtained, for example.
Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron