Get Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain PDF

By Keith W. Waldron

ISBN-10: 0857095218

ISBN-13: 9780857095213

ISBN-10: 0857097385

ISBN-13: 9780857097385

This booklet presents a finished and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion procedures utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the e-book studies advancements in biorefining procedures, by way of a evaluate of alternative kinds of biorefinery platform. the second one half the e-book discusses the wide variety of extra worth items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.

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Wheat straw is a major by-product of the agricultural sector. 7 million tonnes in 2007. In the context of the UK Government’s new targets on biomass generated heat and power (5% by 2020) (HM Government, 2009), wheat straw represents a good choice of feedstock for combustion for heat and power generation. However, available valuable chemical functionalities should be recovered before any thermo- or biochemical processes are applied to wheat straw for conversion to energy. Two valorization routes have been demonstrated (see Fig.

Ionic liquids are used in phase transfer catalysis for example (Welton, 2004), but their non-emissions are counteracted by their toxicity and their environmental impact when prepared, used and separated for end-use. Biodegradability is an important sought-after characteristic for ‘greener’ products, but increasing the life-time of a molecule to promote its re-use could be another strategy. , the solvent dichloromethane). But we must not bundle all halogenated compounds in the same ‘red’ basket.

1990). , 2012). Biochemical and thermochemical processes complement each other well, the former being very selective but slow compared to the latter. , 2011). Processing times and space-time yields are high compared to thermochemical processes, but they are less energy intensive (Kamm and Kamm, 2004). , 2011). Biomass with a high acid, alkali metal and water content can be difficult to use in conventional thermal treatments: the high water content can render pyrolysis or gasification processes very difficult and the acidity of the feedstock can limit the applications of the pyrolysis oil obtained, for example.

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Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron


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