Download e-book for kindle: A stranger's knowledge : statesmanship, philosophy, & law in by Xavier Márquez

By Xavier Márquez

ISBN-10: 1930972792

ISBN-13: 9781930972797

ISBN-10: 1930972806

ISBN-13: 9781930972803

The Statesman is a tricky and complicated Platonic discussion. In A Stranger's Knowledge Marquez argues that Plato abandons the following the vintage suggestion, favourite in the Republic, that the philosopher, qua philosopher, is certified to rule. as an alternative, the discussion provides the statesman as different from the thinker, the possessor of a consultant services that can not be lowered to philosophy. The expertise is of the way to make a urban resilient opposed to inner and exterior clash in mild of the imperfect sociality of humans and the poverty in their cause. This services, even though, can't be produced on call for: one can't educate statesmen like one may perhaps teach carpenters. Worse, it can't be made applicable to the electorate, or function in ways in which aren't deeply harmful to the city’s balance. at the same time the political neighborhood calls for his wisdom for its upkeep, the real statesman needs to stay a stranger to the city.

Marquez indicates how this deadlock is the most important to realizing the ambiguous reevaluation of the guideline of legislations that's the such a lot amazing function of the political philosophy of the Statesman. The legislation appears to be like the following as a trifling approximation of the services of the unavoidably absent statesman, dim pictures and static snapshots of the transparent and dynamic services required to lead the send of country around the storms of the political global. but such legislation, even if they aren't created by way of actual statesmen, can frequently give you the urban with a constrained kind of cognitive capital that permits it to maintain itself ultimately, as long as voters, and particularly leaders, keep a “philosophical” angle in the direction of them. it is just while rulers be aware of that they don't know greater than the legislation what's simply or solid (and but need to know what's simply and sturdy) that town may be preserved. The discussion is hence, in a feeling, the vindication of the philosopher-king within the absence of real political knowledge. 

 

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Extra resources for A stranger's knowledge : statesmanship, philosophy, & law in Plato's Statesman

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He always asks the much easier question of whether the statesman is A or B, and if B, whether he is also C or D, and so on, until they arrive at a definition that says that the statesman is B and D and F (and so on).

42 In chapter 4, I explore the conception of knowledge that the Stranger implicitly uses in his discussion of statesmanship. ” The statesman’s knowledge is thus not exhausted in the contemplation of eternal forms, but is instead conceived as the ability to make use of a grasp of the invariant structure of reality to order the unstable world in which he must operate. Moreover, I show that in order to come to terms with the idea of “false judgment” in the Sophist, the Stranger develops a distinctive and original conception of imitation as the reproduction of formal relationships in different media that will enable him to explain how laws can imitate the knowledge of the statesman while still retaining some epistemic value.

Thus, if we take the Socratic view to be that the statesman and the philosopher are one, then the fact that the Stranger seems to present a quite different picture of statesmanship and to distance statesmanship from dialectics suggests that he rejects a simple Socratic identification of philosophy and statesmanship. Some of these differences between Socrates and the Stranger are merely apparent, to be sure; Socrates’ focus on private conversations rather than public legislation can be understood, for 17 A Stranger’s Knowledge example, as a second best response to the corruption of Athens.

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A stranger's knowledge : statesmanship, philosophy, & law in Plato's Statesman by Xavier Márquez


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